Tags: Cancer | leukemia | cancer | nonsurgical | treatments

Top Nonsurgical Treatments for Leukemia Cancer

By    |   Wednesday, 15 Jun 2016 07:33 PM

Cancer treatment for leukemia patients often involves different strategies, and there are some nonsurgical options that may be used.

Leukemia affects bone marrow, the lymphatic system and other areas in the body that promote blood-forming tissues, says the Mayo Clinic. The condition usually damages white blood cells, which normally protect the body from infection. The bone marrow ends up producing abnormal white blood cells that are no longer able to provide infection-fighting abilities.

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Surgery may include removal of the spleen when the organ collects leukemia cells or stem cell transplantation, formerly known as bone marrow transplants, according to the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

However, treatment differs for each person, depending on a patient’s needs. Doctors may recommend different nonsurgical remedies to treat the disease, discussing advantages or drawbacks of each treatment with patients.

• Chemotherapy drugs are used in one form of treatment with the aim of bringing the disease into remission or making the patient free of leukemia. The cancer treatment is first applied to return blood and bone marrow cell counts back to normal.

A second course of chemotherapy may be used when the leukemia cells are not completely destroyed. Cancer cells might remain in the bone marrow while the cells in the blood have been destroyed, so a second course of chemotherapy treatment is applied.

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If the two courses of therapy don’t bring about remission, different drugs might be used.

Chemotherapy drugs are administered in pill forms or through injection in a vein, the Mayo Clinic notes.

• Biological therapy is either administered alone or in conjunction with chemotherapy drugs. Doctors use growth factors or antibodies to combat the cancer and infections.

• Targeted therapies are used to attack specific areas within cancer cells. Drugs such as imatinib work to stop a specific protein within the leukemia cells to control the disease.

• Radiation also is used to stop the growth of leukemia cells. X-rays or high-energy beams are aimed at certain cancer points in a patient’s body, the Mayo Clinic explains. Radiation may target one point in the body or areas throughout the body. In some cases, radiation therapy is applied in preparation for stem cell transplant surgery.

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Cancer treatment for leukemia patients often involves different strategies, and there are some nonsurgical options that may be used.
leukemia, cancer, nonsurgical, treatments
Wednesday, 15 Jun 2016 07:33 PM
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