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Don't Hit This Potentially Fatal Blood Pressure Range

By    |   Tuesday, 26 Jul 2016 07:45 PM

Blood pressure readings vary due to stress levels, environment, and health status. A potentially fatal blood pressure range, whether too low or too high, can be reached through lifestyle, diet, disease, and medication, and should be monitored and treated by a healthcare professional. But what blood pressure range is too low or too high?

A normal blood pressure range is 120/80 or slightly lower. High blood pressure is diagnosed when a reading is consistently above 140/90, says Livestrong.

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According to the American Heart Association, a blood pressure reading that falls in the range of 180/110 or higher is considered a hypertensive crisis and is categorized as hypertensive urgency or an emergency depending on symptoms. A hypertensive crisis requires immediate medical attention and can be fatal if not treated or caught early.

Hypertensive urgency occurs when the blood pressure range is 180/110 or higher with no apparent organ damage. Symptoms may be present and can include a severe headache, difficulty breathing, nosebleeds, and/or anxiety. Early evaluation is necessary to ensure organs are not damaged and to adjust medication or add medication to rapidly decrease blood pressure levels.

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The American Heart Association says a hypertensive emergency occurs when blood pressure reaches organ-damaging levels. The blood pressure range is also 180/110 or higher with acute organ damage. Severe symptoms may occur and include stroke, loss of consciousness, memory loss, heart attack, optical and kidney damage, loss of kidney function, aortic dissection, chest pain (angina), fluid buildup in the lungs, and eclampsia, and require immediate medical attention.

Hypotension, or low blood pressure, occurs when the systolic (top) number is 90 or lower or the diastolic (lower) number is 60 or lower, says the Mayo Clinic. A person only needs to have one number in this low blood pressure range to be diagnosed with hypotension.

Low blood pressure can significantly affect organs due to a lack of blood flow and oxygen. Sudden drops in blood pressure can be dangerous and cause dizziness, fainting, and sometimes death in cases of anaphylactic shock and allergic reactions, infections, and uncontrolled bleeding. Medications can also cause blood pressure to drop.

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Blood pressure readings vary due to stress levels, environment, and health status. A potentially fatal blood pressure range, whether too low or too high, can be reached through lifestyle, diet, disease, and medication, and should be monitored and treated by a healthcare professional.
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2016-45-26
Tuesday, 26 Jul 2016 07:45 PM
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