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Tags: online media | journalism

Why Online News Isn't Saving Journalism

man reading online news on website with cellphone

Daniel McCarthy By Tuesday, 27 February 2024 10:47 AM EST Current | Bio | Archive

Bad news for the media often feels like good news for conservatives.

So word that Vice and BuzzFeed are laying off hundreds of journalists, weeks after the complete collapse of The Messenger, won't elicit much sympathy from the right.

Then again, it's not just conservatives who disapprove of the news business today:

Gallup last year found a paltry 32% of Americans say they have "a great deal" or "a fair amount" of trust in the mass media.

The same survey found 29% had "not very much" trust in the media — and a record-setting 39% confessed they had "none at all."

Last month the Los Angeles Times announced it was reducing its newsroom by more than 20%.

Jeff Bezos' Washington Post has also been through rounds of buyouts and cutbacks.

But the troubles of traditional newspapers are often taken for granted.

A decade ago, online outlets like Vice and BuzzFeed were meant to be the future of media — new species adapted for the internet ecosystem.

That's now the problem: those sites and others staked their survival on algorithms they don't control.

First came "search engine optimization," then gaming the algorithms that decide what content gets served to millions of Facebook and Twitter (now X) users.

BuzzFeed was notorious for "listicles," which were addictively easy to share until Facebook became so saturated with BuzzFeed and Thought Catalog junk that Mark Zuckerberg's platform decided to change the rules.

After all, how much clickbait could readers take?

Online media startups attracted investment by showing phenomenal growth, but it was like an athlete on steroids.

Entrepreneurial young journalists, well-connected with classmates and former colleagues at established outlets, garnered hype and headlines from their friends.

That sparked investor excitement, and with investors' money, new sites could show a rapid explosion in traffic — since they were starting from nothing.

But how could they maintain investor-dazzling double-digit growth after the first spurt?

The social media on which the news sites depended faced the same problem.

The solution for Facebook, once new users started tapering off, was to get existing users to spend more time on the site, which meant no longer sending them to other sites, like news sources, through links.

Now Facebook and X make it nearly impossible to promote journalism on their sites; they want the eyeballs to stay on their own platforms.

When social media were young, they needed to maximize traffic, which meant playing host to any kind of content users wanted, including news.

YouTube and Facebook felt like the Wild West in those days, with neither copyright law nor political correctness putting a damper on what users could share.

Today politics isn't the main reason social media suppresses news, but it's an aggravating factor, as The Wall Street Journal's Kyle Smith recently noted on X.

Smith pointed out that progressive campaigns to shame advertisers into abandoning Fox News, or X itself under Elon Musk's ownership, encourage advertisers to avoid all political risk.

Budweiser's humiliating losses after turning the transgender "influencer" Dylan Mulvaney into a brand representative demonstrated how much it could hurt to alienate conservatives.

So why advertise with any politically charged news organizations?

If left-leaning sites like Vice and BuzzFeed are collateral damage in progressives' war on right-of-center political expression, that may seem like just deserts, as well as a poignant irony.

But the wider lesson is that online media was never on a secure footing, dependent as it was not just on advertising — which is true for almost all media — but on the whims of Big Tech, which has its own growth worries.

Newspapers, by contrast, flourished as local institutions sustained by local retailers.

The emergence of online national and even global retail, however, has meant ad spending isn't dictated by geography anymore.

Businesses can reach consumers directly or cast a wider net by buying a little exposure on large platforms like Google or Facebook.

Yet not only news but our very system of government is built on localism — on distinct cities, towns, states and congressional districts.

Newspapers served as their town halls, even more than physical town halls did.

The wipeout of hype-driven, placeless new media isn't a cause for celebration, but it's not a disaster for our republic.

The loss of local distinctiveness, on the other hand, is at the root of much of our polarization and deadlock today.

In "Democracy in America," Alexis de Tocqueville argued "that the number of newspapers must diminish or increase amongst a democratic people, in proportion as its administration is more or less centralized."

Fewer newspapers means more centralized power — and more conflict over it.

Conservatives who don't want that have reason to want newspapers to survive.

And newspapers that want to survive have to fight hard for local interests and values — including conservative ones.

Daniel McCarthy, a recognized expert on conservative thought, is the editor-in-chief of Modern Age: A Conservative Review. He's also a regular contributor to The Spectator's World edition. He has a long association with The American Conservative, a magazine co-founded by Pat Buchanan. Mr. McCarthy's writings appeared in a variety of publications. He has appeared on PBS NewsHour, NPR, the BBC, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, CNN International and other radio and television outlets. Read more of Daniel McCarthy's reports — Here.

© Creators Syndicate Inc.

The wipeout of hype-driven, placeless new media isn't a cause for celebration, but it's not a disaster for our republic.
online media, journalism
Tuesday, 27 February 2024 10:47 AM
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