This is especially true in large cities. And, seniors, children, and people with chronic health problems are at higher risk for heat-related illness and death, according to Dr. Robert Glatter. He's an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.
"Those who have high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, as well as those who suffer with mental illness, may be at risk for heat-related emergencies, including heat cramps, heat syncope (fainting), heat exhaustion, as well as heat stroke," he said in a hospital news release.
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"Various classes of medications including beta blockers, as well as diuretics, can impair sweating — ultimately disrupting the body's ability to cool itself. Other medications including antihistamines, as well as antidepressants and sedatives, may also impair your ability to sweat, leading to heat-related illnesses," Glatter said.
But young, healthy people also need to heed hot and humid weather, he added.
To beat the heat:
1. Drink water when you feel thirsty
— But be careful to not drink more than necessary. If you're physically active outdoors in the heat for more than an hour, it's a good idea to consume sports drinks, Glatter said.
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2. Watch for signs of heat-related illness
— "A high pulse rate, headache, dizziness, nausea, as well as shallow breathing, may be the initial signs of dehydration that may precede heat-related illness," Glatter said.
3. Get in the AC
— An air-conditioned location is the best place to be on hot and humid days. If you don't have air conditioning at home, use a fan and a spray bottle with cool water to prevent your body from overheating, he suggested.
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