Tags: Alzheimer's/Dementia | lithium | drinking | water | death | Alzheimers

Lithium in Water May Slow Death Rates From Alzheimer's

Image: Lithium in Water May Slow Death Rates From Alzheimer's
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By    |   Wednesday, 06 Dec 2017 12:52 PM

Lithium, a trace element in drinking water, can slow death rates from Alzheimer's, says a new study published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

The study also found that rates of diabetes and obesity, two important risk factors for Alzheimer's disease, decrease if there is a specific amount of lithium in drinking water.

Lithium is a water-soluble alkali metal found in igneous rocks and mineral springs. It is commonly used to treat bipolar and other mood disorders, but at much higher doses than what occurs naturally in drinking water.

The research team compared lithium levels naturally found in tap water with Alzheimer's disease mortality rates, along with the incidence of obesity and diabetes, in 234 counties across Texas.

"We found counties that had above the median level of lithium in tap water (40 micrograms per liter) experienced less increases in Alzheimer's disease mortality over time, whereas counties below that median level had even higher increases in Alzheimer's deaths over time," said researcher Val Fajardo.

The frequency of obesity and Type 2 diabetes also went down when the drinking water contained similar lithium levels.

Previous studies have demonstrated lithium's ability to protect against Alzheimer's disease, obesity, and diabetes.

"However, we are one of the first groups to show that lithium's potential protective effect against Alzheimer's disease, obesity and diabetes may translate to the population setting through very low levels of lithium in tap water," says Fajardo.

Another new study found that treatment with hyperbaric oxygen therapy has the ability to alleviate symptoms of Alzheimer's.

Patients who undergo hyperbaric oxygen therapy breathe in pure oxygen in a pressurized room or chamber. In this chamber, the air pressure is increased to twice that of normal air.

As a result, oxygen solubility in the blood increases and is transported by blood vessels throughout the body. The added oxygen stimulates the release of growth factors and stem cells, which themselves promote healing.

Researchers at Tel Aviv University used a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease and built a custom-made hyperbaric oxygen chamber suitable for small animals. Then, the team administered hyperbaric oxygen treatment to the mice for one hour per day.

After 14 days, the mice underwent a series of behavioral tests as well as tissue biochemical tests. Results showed that treatment reduced both inflammation and plaque pathology by 40 percent.

"We have now shown for the first time that hyperbaric oxygen therapy can actually improve the pathology of Alzheimer's disease and correct behavioral deficits associated with the disease," said researcher Uri Ashery.

"This research is extremely exciting as it explores a new therapy that holds promise as a treatment of Alzheimer's disease," said Ashery.

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Lithium, a trace element in drinking water, can slow death rates from Alzheimer's, says a new study published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. The study also found that rates of diabetes and obesity, two important risk factors for Alzheimer's disease, decrease if there...
lithium, drinking, water, death, Alzheimers
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2017-52-06
Wednesday, 06 Dec 2017 12:52 PM
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