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Trump's Quest for Peace in Middle East

Image: Trump's Quest for Peace in Middle East
US President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu greet officials upon his arrival at Ben Gurion International Airport in Tel Aviv on May 22, 2017. (Jack Guez/AFP/Getty Images)

Monday, 22 May 2017 02:20 PM

President Donald Trump landed in Israel on a groundbreaking direct flight Monday from Saudi Arabia, as he seeks to team up the Jewish state and Arab countries against a common foe — Iran — in a long-shot bid for Mideast peace.

Iran's support of extremist groups in the region is a threat both to Israel and Arab states along the Persian Gulf, Trump said in a meeting with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin in Jerusalem. There's a "growing realization among your Arab neighbors that they have common cause with you in the threat posed by Iran," Trump told Rivlin.

"The United States and Israel can declare with one voice that Iran must never be allowed to develop nuclear weapons," Trump said. "Never, ever. And must cease its deadly funding, training and equipping of terrorists and militias."

Trump arrived in Israel to a considerably less gilded reception than in Riyadh, where he and his delegation were treated like celebrities as they signed multibillion-dollar defense and infrastructure agreements. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had to order his cabinet ministers to attend a brief welcome ceremony at Ben Gurion International Airport and tried to shove one parliamentarian out of the way as he asked Trump for a selfie. From there, Trump was whisked by helicopter to Jerusalem to start a 28-hour visit heavy on symbolism and littered with political minefields.

"We have before us a rare opportunity to bring security and stability and peace to this region and to its people, defeating terrorism and creating a future of harmony, prosperity, and peace," Trump said at the airport. Netanyahu said he hoped that "one day" an Israeli premier would be able to fly from Israel to the Saudi capital as Air Force One just had in the other direction.

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson sought to tamp down expectations of major progress on a peace deal. "There is a moment in time here," he told reporters traveling with Trump, but the U.S. wants to "manage our ambitions" on this trip.

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Asked about a three-way meeting between Trump and the Israeli and Palestinian leaders, Tillerson said, "That's for a future discussion." Trump has called peace between the two sides the "ultimate deal."

Israel's security cabinet passed a package of economic measures late Sunday aimed at bolstering the Palestinian economy as a confidence-building gesture ahead of the Trump visit. They include easing travel between the West Bank and Jordan, developing two new industrial zones and increasing the number of building permits issued to Palestinians in parts of the West Bank where Jewish settlements are located near Arab communities.

'Economic Peace'

"The Trump administration is focused on materially enhancing the quality of life and the economy for the Palestinians," said Michael Oren, a parliament member and former Israeli ambassador to the U.S. who now serves as an adviser in the prime minister's office. "They don't see economic peace as a substitute for real peace, but they see it as setting an agenda that would make conditions conducive toward peace."

The visit is expected to offer insight into the administration's plans for the Israel-Palestinian peace process after the last round of direct negotiations collapsed in 2014. After a campaign filled with stridently pro-Israel statements and a pledge to move the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, Trump has moderated his Israel support since taking office. He's urged Netanyahu to limit settlement construction and has also decided not to immediately move the U.S. embassy, a senior White House official said this month.

In the West Bank, hundreds of demonstrators supporting a hunger strike by Palestinian security prisoners in Israel scuffled with Israeli forces. Some held signs showing Trump's face and a "Do Not Enter" symbol. Later, a Palestinian who tried to stab an Israeli policeman at a checkpoint near Bethlehem was shot dead.

While public statements on the peace process and the status of Jerusalem may dominate headlines, behind the scenes Netanyahu will ask the U.S. president to impose new sanctions on Iran for threatening the Jewish state with ballistic missiles and sponsoring terrorism, Oren said.

"What happens with Iran has brought many toward Israel," Trump said in brief remarks at Rivlin's residence in Jerusalem. "Such a different feeling toward Israel from countries that weren't feeling so well about Israel not so long ago. Brought a lot of folks together."

Western Wall

From Rivlin's residence, Trump toured Christian and Jewish holy sites in the contested Old City, then was to meet Netanyahu at the King David Hotel. The two will have dinner with their wives at the prime minister's residence in Jerusalem.

Trump became the first sitting U.S. president to visit the Western Wall, the remnant of Herod the Great's Second Jewish Temple that is the holiest place Jews are allowed to pray. Israeli security forces, including the police, army and Air Force, cleared the white-cobblestoned plaza in front of the wall hours before Trump arrived as helicopters buzzed above the Old City.

Shops in the Jewish quarter posted signs in their glass storefronts with a picture of the Wall, an Israeli flag and the words: "President Trump, Welcome to Jerusalem, Israel's Eternal Capital. " A large white tent was erected on the plaza facing the Western Wall to receive Trump's limousine and obscure his path to the shrine where it's traditional for visitors to slip a note into large cracks in the stone wall with prayers and wishes for God.

Both Trump and his wife, Melania, inserted notes into the wall.

Other than the chief rabbi, Israeli officials didn't accompany the president on his visit to the wall, an image that would have cemented Israel's claim to the Old City, captured along with the rest of Jerusalem's eastern sector in the 1967 Middle East war. The Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as the capital of a future state.

Asked on the flight to Israel whether he agreed with U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley that the Western Wall is part of Israel, Tillerson replied, "The wall is part of Jerusalem."

Abbas Meeting

On Tuesday, Trump will cross for a few hours into Palestinian-held territory in Bethlehem, where he will meet Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas. Back in Israel, he'll briefly tour the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial and deliver a speech at the Israel Museum — expected to be his longest public remarks during the visit — before departing for the Vatican.

In Bethlehem, Abbas is scheduled to greet Trump with a bagpipe-playing color guard and assure him that his people want peace. Palestinian groups across the political spectrum, including members of Abbas's Fatah party, have called for a "Day of Rage" in support of the hunger strikers, but Palestinian security officers will be out in force to make sure the president isn't harmed, Abbas's office said.

More than 10,000 police officers, border police, special patrol units and undercover units have been deployed across Israel to secure the visit, closing major highways and disrupting daily life. Mauricio Guerra, a Mexican tourist, was shocked to find he and his family wouldn't be able to visit the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, believed to be the site of Jesus's crucifixion and burial, because of Trump.

"This guy makes trouble for Mexico with the wall and I can't even escape him in the Holy Land," said Guerra, 50, of Monterrey.

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President Donald Trump landed in Israel on a groundbreaking direct flight Monday from Saudi Arabia, as he seeks to team up the Jewish state and Arab countries against a common foe - Iran - in a long-shot bid for Mideast peace.Iran's support of extremist groups in the region...
trump, peace, middle east, israel
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2017-20-22
Monday, 22 May 2017 02:20 PM
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