The willingness of U.S. stock investors to abide price-earnings ratios stretching into three and four digits all but ended Friday as the Nasdaq Composite Index fell to its lowest since October 2014.
The jobs-day tumble in American equities turned into a full-blown selloff in stocks with the highest valuation. The Nasdaq Internet Index sank 5.2 percent, as Facebook Inc. lost 5.8 percent. Tableau Software Inc. tumbled more than 49 percent after a miss on licensing revenue, setting off a rout in data- analytics firms including Salesforce.com Inc. LinkedIn Corp. fell 44 percent after forecasting a year of slower revenue growth.
The Nasdaq 100 lost 3.4 percent to 4,024.47 at 4 p.m. in New York, to the lowest since August. The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index fell 1.9 percent to 1,880.02, capping the second-worst week this year, down 3.1 percent. Stocks declined in inverse proportion to valuation, with a group of about 100 companies with the highest price-earnings ratios in the Russell 1000 Index declining more than 9 percent while the lowest gained 1.8 percent.
“Investors are selling the big tech and large-cap names to stem any further losses -- that’s what’s leading us down today,” said Stephen Carl, principal and head equity trader at Williams Capital Group LP. “Economic numbers were mixed, and the market started off modestly down before starting to make new lows as it went along. You’ve seen profit-taking going into the weekend as well.”
A report today showed job growth settled into a more sustainable pace in January and the unemployment rate dropped to an almost eight-year low, signs of a resilient labor market that’s causing wage growth to stir. While the increase in payrolls was less than forecast, it largely reflected payback for a seasonal hiring pickup in the final two months of 2015. Hourly earnings rose more than estimated after climbing in the year to December by the most since July 2009.
The S&P 500 Technology Index fell 3.4 percent, its third decline in four days. Salesforce.com dropped almost 13 percent, while Adobe Systems Inc. and Red Hat Inc. lost at least 7.5 percent as Tableau’s tumble dragged down other software makers.
“The market is starting to beat up a number of companies that had held up well or that were the 2015 momentum stocks,” said David Katz, who oversees about $680 million as chief investment officer at Matrix Asset Advisors Inc. in New York. “When you have a LinkedIn selloff of 45 percent, it just brings up people’s worst fears. Everybody’s trying to get out of a small exit.”
Microsoft Corp. dropped for a fifth day, the longest losing streak in five months. Shares are down 9 percent since a 5.8 percent rally on Jan. 29 following the company’s better-than- expected earnings. A gauge of semiconductor stocks fell 3.3 percent, led lower by declines of more than 5.7 percent in Nvidia Corp., Skyworks Solutions Inc. and Broadcom Ltd.
The Nasdaq Internet Index lost 5.2 percent, the most in more than four years, to the lowest in more than a year. Facebook, Amazon and Priceline Group Inc. sank more than 5 percent, with Facebook posting its steepest retreat in 15 months.
Following the jobs data, the dollar rebounded from a slide that had helped boost commodity prices and optimism for profits at multinational companies, sending shares of raw-material and industrial companies higher in the previous two days. Whipsawing markets and global growth worries have made further rate hikes from the Federal Reserve less likely this year, putting pressure on the U.S. currency.
“The market is trying to sort out what this means for the Fed,” said Bruce Bittles, chief investment strategist at Milwaukee-based Robert W. Baird, which oversees $110 billion. “The report, in a vacuum, would suggest a March increase is back on the table. It was nice to see some wage gains for the first time in a while. It becomes a quandary for the Fed board now. This adds to the confusion over when the next rate hike will come.”
Fed officials in comments this week urged patience in assessing the economy amid tighter financial conditions. Policy makers in December indicated four quarter-point rate increases might be warranted this year. Amid financial market turbulence and tepid data, investors have cut the probability they see of the Fed acting, pricing in just a 10 percent chance of a March increase and 17 percent odds in April, up from 15 percent just before the jobs report.
Investors have been on guard for any signs in economic data or corporate earnings that weakness emanating from China is spilling over. With the U.S. earnings season more than midway through, about 77 percent of firms that have reported have beat profit estimates, though less than half posted better-than- expected sales. Analysts estimate earnings at index members fell 4.5 percent in the fourth quarter, better than Jan. 15 predictions for a 7 percent slump.
Eight of the S&P 500’s 10 main industries declined today, with technology and consumer discretionary companies falling at least 3.1 percent. Phone and utility shares were the only groups to gain. For the companies that tumbled the most today -- Hanesbrands Inc., Salesforce.com Inc. and Hess Corp. -- it was the worst day for all three stocks since 2008.
“After all the dust settles, people are going to continue to watch oil and the financial stocks,” said Matt Maley, an equity strategist at Miller Tabak & Co LLC in New York. “People are definitely looking at the macro issues right now more than they’re looking at earnings.”
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