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Farmers: 6 Types of Soil and What to Grow in Each

By    |   Thursday, 17 Aug 2017 10:42 AM

Soil management is an essential part of farming. The soil type helps farmers decide what crops will grow best because some crops do better with particular types of soil.

Testing the soil helps determine what nutrients are available or unavailable for growing certain crops. Farmers usually have local agricultural experts test the soil on their land for information on how to proceed in growing crops.

The best soil has a balance of nutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, and others. Certain crops may need more of one nutrient, so farmers put back those ingredients into the soil for better crops.

Here are six types of soil and what to grow in each:

1. Loam — This type of soil helps grow the best possible crops because it provides the necessary elements. Loamy sand contains mostly sand plus clay and silt. It is good for root vegetables, such as carrots and beets, leafy vegetables, and tomatoes, according to SFGate.com.

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2. Clay — Cabbage and broccoli grow well in clay soil, but it may not be good for root vegetables because of its dense texture, writes D. Laverne O’Neal in Hunker. Cherry, pear, maple, and black walnut trees also thrive in clay soil. Edible herbs, including yarrow and red valerian, also benefit from it.

3. Sand — Root vegetables, including turnips, parsnips, and carrots, grow well in sandy soil as do pomegranate and fig trees. Bush clover, bayberry, creeping juniper, and thyme are among the herbs that do well in sandy soil.

4. Silt — Silty soil is fertile and offers nutrients for development. Lettuce, cabbage, carrots, turnips, and many other vegetables flourish in silt. Strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, citrus trees, and pomegranate trees also develop well in silt.

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5. Peat — Peaty soil provides growth when mixed with rich organic matter, lime, and compost that reduces its acidity, according to Eartheasy. Legumes, root crops, cabbage, and spinach are easily grown in soil that’s well-drained.

6. Chalk — Sweet corn, beets, spinach, and cabbage are among the vegetables that benefit from more chalky soil. It is recommended that farmers use fertilizers and balance the pH levels to deal with the alkaline that can sometimes stunt growth.

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Soil management is an essential part of farming. The soil type helps farmers decide what crops will grow best because some crops do better with particular types of soil.
farmers, types, soil, grow
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2017-42-17
Thursday, 17 Aug 2017 10:42 AM
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