BAGHDAD — A wave of attacks across Iraq, including more than a dozen car bombs, killed at least 30 people on Sunday while the head of Baghdad's provincial council escaped assassination.
The violence was the latest in months of unrelenting bloodshed, the country's worst since 2008, that has sparked concern Iraq is slipping back into the all-out sectarian war of years earlier that killed tens of thousands.
Authorities have imposed tough restrictions on movement in the capital and elsewhere, and carried out wide-ranging operations against militants, but insurgents have pressed their attacks across the country.
On Sunday, they struck in a dozen towns and cities, with at least 14 car bombs, killing 30 people and wounding more than 100 overall.
The deadliest violence was in and around the city of Hilla, the predominantly Shiite capital of Babil province south of Baghdad, where four car bombs killed 16 people, police and medics said.
"I saw many people with burns, and people who were on fire, they were screaming for help," said Sajjad al-Amari, a 22-year-old witness to one car bombing on the outskirts of Hilla.
Another witness, Karrar Ahmed, told AFP he saw "many shop owners who were thrown to the floor, many were killed and wounded, and they were lying on the ground, among the goods from their shops".
Ahmed, still shaking with nerves, said incompetence by the security forces had "cleared the way for terrorists to target, and kill, civilians."
No group immediately claimed responsibility for the violence, which largely struck majority Shiite Muslim areas. Sunni militants linked to al-Qaida, however, often target the Shiite majority, whose adherents they regard as apostates.
In Baghdad, meanwhile, a car bomb hit the convoy of Riyadh al-Adhadh, chief of the provincial council and a Sunni lawmaker from the party of the national parliament speaker.
Adhadh was unharmed but two others, including one of his bodyguards, were killed and four were wounded.
The blast shattered the windows of nearby shops and buildings, and security forces imposed a cordon around the area in the aftermath, an AFP journalist at the scene said.
Another car bombing at a market on the outskirts of the southern port city of Basra killed three people and wounded 15 others, officials said.
Several other attacks south of Baghdad — in Karbala, Nasiriyah, Kut, Suweirah and Hafriyah — as well as the predominantly Sunni cities of Abu Ghraib, Baquba and Mosul, killed nine more people.
The latest bloodshed comes amid violence which has left more than 4,000 dead already this year, as Iraq grapples with a prolonged political deadlock and spillover from the civil war in neighboring Syria.
Just a day earlier, a suicide bomber at a funeral near Mosul, Iraq's main northern city, killed 27 people and wounded dozens, and violence in the past week alone has claimed the lives of more than 150.
Authorities insist a campaign targeting militants is yielding results, claiming to have captured hundreds of alleged fighters and killed dozens, with security forces apparently having dismantled several insurgent training camps and bomb-making sites.
But the government has faced criticism for not doing more to defuse Sunni Arab anger over alleged ill-treatment at the hands of the Shiite-led authorities.
Analysts and diplomats say militants have exploited this on the ground to recruit new fighters and carry out attacks.