DHAKA, Bangladesh — Bangladesh's war crimes court is set to deliver its verdict against a top Islamist Monday for allegedly masterminding atrocities during the 1971 war of independence against Pakistan, prosecutors said.
Ghulam Azam, 90, could face the death penalty if convicted by the controversial court, whose previous sentences sparked the country's worst political violence since independence.
The impending verdict sparked clashes in Dhaka between police and supporters of the country's biggest Islamic party and police. Some 400 Jamaat-e-Islami activists burnt a police van and hurled crude bombs to protest what they say are false charges against Azam.
The government maintains the trials are needed to heal the wounds of the 1971 war in which it says three million people died. Independent estimates put the death toll at between 300,000 and 500,000.
Asam was the head of the Jamaat-e-Islami party during the war in which the government says millions were killed, many by the militias he allegedly helped create to support the Pakistani army.
The International Crimes Tribunal — set up by the secular government in 2010 — will deliver its verdict against Azam on Monday, prosecutor Sultan Mahmud told AFP.
Prosecutors have sought the death penalty for Azam, comparing him to Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. They describe him as a "lighthouse" who guided all other war criminals and the "architect" of the militias which committed many of the 1971 atrocities.
Azam is no longer politically active but is seen as Jamaat's spiritual leader. He faces five broad charges of planning, conspiracy, incitement, complicity and murder and torture in regard to the atrocities, alleging a total of 61 crimes, Mahmud said.
Azam's lawyer Tajul Islam said the charges were based on newspaper reports of speeches Azam gave during the war, which led to the creation of Bangladesh.
"The prosecution has completely failed to prove any of the charges," he told AFP.
The verdict against Azam will be the fifth to be delivered by the tribunal. Three Islamists have been sentenced to death and one given life imprisonment.
The verdicts triggered nationwide protests by Jamaat, the country's largest Islamic party and a key member of the opposition, leading to mass violence in which 150 people were killed in clashes with police.
Eight more opposition politicians — six from Jamaat and two from the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party — are also on trial.
The court last month also ordered an influential British Muslim and an American citizen to stand trial in absentia.
The opposition has criticized the cases as politically motivated and aimed at settling old scores rather than meting out justice.
Unlike other war crimes courts, the Bangladesh tribunal is not endorsed by the United Nations. The New York-based Human Rights Watch group has said its procedures fall short of international standards.