Manic depression is a mental disorder in which the patient experiences ups and downs in moods. A serious condition of bipolar affective disorder is characterized by severe manic depression. The patient suffers from high levels of elevated mood as mania symptoms while low mood levels and anxiety appear as depression symptoms. The frequency of episodes of manic depression varies from person to person. Manic depression can affect both men and women. Symptoms of mood swings in cases of manic depression are broadly categorized into depression symptoms and mania depression symptoms. Symptoms of manic depression may vary depending on the disorder the patient is suffering from. Treatments are required to prevent the disorder from becoming severe.
Symptoms of depression manifest as feelings of depression in the daily life activities, extreme weight gain or weight loss, feeling of guilt or sadness, loss of interest in activities, irritability, decreased appetite, suicide attempts, thoughts of death, insomnia, and fatigue are some of the symptoms of depression in a patient of manic depression. Other symptoms may include difficulty in concentration, anxiety, restlessness, excessive crying, and feeling of hopelessness.
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Mania symptoms manifest as impaired judgment, inappropriate behavior, loss of energy, inappropriate irritability, and psychosis are some symptoms associated with manic episodes. Other than this, overconfidence, underperformance at work, and feeling extremely energetic or hyperactive are some symptoms of mania in a patient of manic depression. The symptoms of mania and depression may resemble those of psychic conditions. Therefore, diagnosis of the disorder by a trained physician is required.
Treatments of manic depression vary depending upon the symptoms exhibited and the type of disorder. Physicians determine the type of treatments required for manic depression depending on the age, severity of disorder, anxiety levels and several other factors. Medications are part of the initial treatments for manic depression of a specific disorder type. Manic depression can be controlled largely using medications. Hospitalization may be required as a part of the treatments to cure the disorder, especially in case the disorder is of a psychotic nature. Psychotherapies can be useful treatments to control the symptoms of this disorder. If these treatments are inadequate, then electroconvulsive therapy can be used. Counseling given to the disorder patients by mental health practitioners can be useful part of other allied treatments. Emotional support from the family as well as friends can be of great help in increasing the efficacy of the treatments of manic depression.
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