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What Is Sensory Processing Disorder?

Wednesday, 26 Mar 2014 10:43 PM

Sensory processing disorder is a neurological disorder that can be called a kind of traffic jam in the brain where integration between various sense organs and the brain remains disorganized and the sensory inputs do not pass on to the brain, causing improper processing.

Various signs exhibit this disorder in sensory processing, chiefly when patients suffering from it fail to respond to any stimuli or overrespond to some senses. Though the disorder or its signs and symptoms are also present in adults, mainly children exhibit sensory processing disorder. Some children suffering from this disorder may sometime have hysterical fits. Various other symptoms of this disorder in sensory integration can lead to many serious conditions. Many tests are available for the diagnosis of this neurological disorder. Children with a family history of sensory processing disorder must undergo testing for its early detection. Let us discuss the signs of sensory processing disorder and the tests for its diagnosis.
 
 
Signs and Symptoms of Sensory Processing Disorder

Infants, children, or adults who suffer from a disorder in sensory processing exhibit the following signs and symptoms:

The signs of sensory processing disorder in newborns include difficulty in eating or in falling asleep, sleeping too much, difficulty in transferring concentration from one object to another, very irritable, may not be babble or vocalize. Signs may include rapid limb movements.
 
Preschool children may show signs like oversensitivity of senses or no response to stimuli, constant movements of limbs, difficulty in learning new motor tasks, aggressive behavior, frequent mood changes, improper speech, or difficulty in understanding.
 
A teenage child may have typical signs of the neurological disorder. These include frequent distraction in class, problem in performing proper motor tasks like bad handwriting, difficulty in learning new chapters, low performance, improper or overreacting to minor things, or difficulty in reading.
 
The signs of the disorder in adults are similar to those in children. People suffering from sensory processing disorder might be oversensitive and show frequent mood changes, racing thoughts, pressure in speech, misinterpreting questions, difficulty in focusing on important things, or irritability towards someone touching them.
 
 
Tests or Diagnosing Sensory Processing Disorder in Children

In cases of children suffering from any neurological disorder, the available tests can confirm the condition so that treatment can begin. For diagnosing SPD in children, parents must contact expert professionals for various tests relevant to evaluate this disorder or the risk associated with the condition.
 
Usually, tests for SPD involve standard forms of testing and monitoring the responses to stimuli, coordination, and balance. When there are positive signs that identify SPD, treatment must be started immediately.
 

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The brain takes data inputs from the five senses, which are organized and interpreted for use. In sensory processing disorder, there is improper sensory integration. This neurological impairment mainly affects children and is identified when a child is unable to react to stimuli or overreacts.
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Wednesday, 26 Mar 2014 10:43 PM
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