Tags: gallstones | gallbladder | stomach pain | causes | treatments

Gallstones: Causes and Treatments

Saturday, 08 Feb 2014 11:32 PM

Gallstones formed in the gallbladder cause stomach pain, which takes a long time before being diagnosed, and need proper treatments. The gallbladder is a small pouchlike organ situated beneath the liver. The gallbladder stores bile and pours it into the intestines. Thickening of the bile causes gallstones formation in the gallbladder, leading to stomach pain, pain in the lower abdomen and lower back, nausea, vomiting, bloating, indigestion, gas, and heartburn.   

As they do not cause immediate side effects, gallstones often go unnoticed. However, in cases of sizeable gallstones, proper treatments are essential to alleviate the stomach pain and to protect the gallbladder.

Types of Gallstones
  • Cholesterol stones: Higher proportion of cholesterol causes the formation of light yellow and bigger gallstones. These stones can cause severe stomach pain.
  • Pigment stones: Solidification of bilirubin pigment present in gallbladder causes the formation of small and darker gallstones.
Causes of Gallstones
  • Obesity is one of the primary causes for gallstones formation.
  • Higher levels of cholesterol in the body is one of the causes of gallstone formation in the gallbladder.
  • Studies note that a lack of activity causes the gallbladder to remain stationary and also not empty properly into the intestines, causing gallstones formation. 
  • Diabetes, which causes higher levels of triglycerides, is one of the causes of gallstones.
  • Higher estrogen levels: In pregnant women or those taking hormone therapies, the estrogen level gets elevated, causing gallstones in women.
  • If there is a history of gallstones in your family, you may also be affected by it.

Treatments of Gallstones
 
In the case of small gallstones diagnosed through CAT scan and ultrasound, taking ample fluids and water and having a diet to prevent causes from worsening will help dissolve gallstones and relieve stomach pain. When more water and fluids enter the system, the gallstones dissolve slowly and excrete naturally, thus relieving the stomach pain and the need for other treatments.
 
However, in cases of slightly bigger and multiple gallstones, surgery is one of the preferred treatments for relieving acute stomach pain. These stones can hamper gallbladder functioning and cause possible long-term damage to other organs if the patient fails to opt for the suitable treatments. 
 
Through cholecystectomy, gallstones and the gallbladder can be removed. However, in laproscopic cholecystectomy, which is less invasive and one of the trusted treatments, a small hole or incision is made into the gallbladder and the removal of gallstones is performed via tubes, thus removing the cause of the stomach pain.

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Gallstones in the gallbladder may cause severe stomach pain and need immediate treatments, sometimes even surgery. Some of the causes of gallstones are obesity, higher cholesterol level, genetic factors and lack of exercise.
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2014-32-08
Saturday, 08 Feb 2014 11:32 PM
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