Tags: Diabetes | diabetes | insulin | patients

Which Diabetes Patients Need to Take Insulin?

By    |   Thursday, 16 Jul 2015 04:01 PM

People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin because their bodies don't produce the insulin needed to regulate blood sugar levels; it is sometimes called "insulin-dependent diabetes."

Less often, type 2 diabetes patients take insulin, depending on whether diet, oral medication, or both can control blood sugar levels. About 10 percent of diagnosed diabetes cases are type 1, while 90 percent are typically type 2, Medical News Today reported.

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Glucose, or blood sugar, is a main source of energy that comes from foods and is stored in the liver, which makes more glucose when the body needs it to regulate blood sugar levels. Insulin from the pancreas helps sugar absorb into the bloodstream to energize cells.

In type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys cells so the body produces little or no insulin, the American Diabetes Association said. This form of diabetes often develops when people are young, usually before age 40, and it may be on the rise. Research released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed a 23 percent increase in type 1 for people in their 20s between 2001 and 2009.

People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin injections for the rest of their lives, the ADA said. Glucose levels will need to be regularly monitored, and type 1 diabetics must follow a special diet and usually a regular exercise routine.

Many people with type 2 diabetes can lead normal lives just through a healthy diet and exercise for weight management. However, they need to monitor their blood glucose levels and may need to take insulin later on as type 2 is a progressive disease, according to Medical News Today. Type 2 patients often take insulin in tablet form instead of injections.

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People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin because their bodies don't produce the insulin needed to regulate blood sugar levels; it is sometimes called insulin-dependent diabetes.
diabetes, insulin, patients
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2015-01-16
Thursday, 16 Jul 2015 04:01 PM
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