Tags: causes | dizziness | chronic | vertigo | pain | nausea

Top Causes of Chronic Dizziness

Monday, 10 Feb 2014 12:05 AM

Chronic dizziness can be defined as a feeling of disequilibrium, lightheadedness, or vertigo. You may feel the sensation of getting off balance. In some cases, you may fall with severe pain spasms of head and muscles, sometimes nausea or vomiting. Vertigo gives a sensation that everything around is spinning, often followed by nausea and vomiting. Vertigo typically occurs during a roller coaster ride. Chronic dizziness is often caused by neurologic and psychiatric problems.

Top Causes of Chronic Dizziness
 
Chronic dizziness patients experience the sense of imbalance. Dizziness, nausea, and pain multiply in a crowded mall, heavy traffic, or while driving a car in the rain. The causes of chronic dizziness include neurologic and psychiatric problems. According to researchers at the University Of Pennsylvania School Of Medicine, psychiatric problems like anxiety, depression, migraine, traumatic brain injuries, and autonomic nervous system disorders are the top causes of chronic dizziness.
 
Vestibular disorder of the inner ear is one of the top causes of chronic dizziness. As the inner ear provides the necessary signals to the brain regarding the spatial orientation and position of the person, any malfunction in the inner ear causes failure of the gravity sensing mechanism. Consequently, the patient becomes hypersensitive to motion signals and feels severe pain in the head and neck region followed by a spell of chronic dizziness, nausea, and pain.
 
In some cases, complications due to treatments and medications prescribed to high blood pressure patients or antiseizure medications might also be one of the top causes of dizziness, vertigo, nausea, and pain.
 
All possible causes must be examined to pinpoint the top causes of chronic dizziness. A detailed analysis of history of psychiatric problems or any traumatic injury to the head should be carried out, followed by magnetic resonance imaging, eye movement testing, and inner ear testing.
 
Therapeutic treatments — vestibular and balance rehabilitation therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy — help the body adapt, reducing the frequency and intensity of the dizziness, vertigo, nausea, and pain.
 
Remedial measures must be taken to prevent loss of balance during chronic dizziness, nausea, or vertigo. The patients should avoid driving cars, operating heavy machinery, and consuming alcohol, caffeine, or tobacco. In case of dizziness, nausea, vertigo, and pain, patients should avoid sudden movements; laying still is the best thing to do to avoid falling.  

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Usually, the top causes of chronic dizziness are neurological and psychiatric. Vertigo, a type of dizziness, is often accompanied with neck and head pain, nausea, and vomiting.
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2014-05-10
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