Peter Hibberd, M.D., is a doctor whose advice is based on more than 28 years of hospital outpatient and inpatient experience. He is an experienced emergency medicine physician, surgeon, and consultant. Dr. Hibberd is certified by the American Board of Emergency Medicine. He is also a fellow and active member of the American Academy of Family Physicians, an active member of the American College of Emergency Physicians, and a member and fellow of the American Academy of Emergency Medicine. Dr. Hibberd has earned numerous national and international professional certifications, memberships, and awards.
Tags: Diabetes | High Blood Pressure | blood | pressure | sugar | glucose | age

Do Blood Pressure, Sugar Rise Because of Age?

By Peter Hibberd, M.D.   |   Monday, 16 Sep 2013 05:01 PM

Question: My blood sugar and blood pressure have been steadily rising over the past few years, but I haven’t gained wait or changed my diet. Is it just that I’m getting older?

Dr. Hibberd's answer:
 
As we age, our metabolism slows, and fat deposition becomes more prominent with reduced physical activity. As a result, we see the development of insulin resistance that is directly related to weight gain. Insulin resistance produces higher blood glucose and Type 2 diabetes.
 
As our blood glucose and weight increases, our cardiovascular system ages more rapidly.

The end result can be the development of hypertension. That increase in blood pressure in the elderly can in turn lead to impaired circulation of blood to the heart, brain, and kidneys.
 
So, yes, some of what you describe is related to aging, and some is probably related to reduced muscle mass and increased fat load.

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As we age, blood pressure and blood sugar often rise as we lose muscle mass and gain weight.
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