LinkedIn's professional networking website has security flaws that makes users' accounts vulnerable to attack by hackers who could break in without ever needing passwords, according to a security researcher who identified the problem.
News of the vulnerability surfaced over the weekend, only days after LinkedIn Corp went public last week with a trading debut that saw the value of its shares more than double, evoking memories of the dot.com investment boom of the late 1990s.
Rishi Narang — an independent Internet security researcher based near New Delhi, India, who discovered the security flaw — told Reuters on Sunday that the problem is related to the way LinkedIn manages a commonly used type of data file known as a cookie.
After a user enters the proper username and password to access an account, LinkedIn's system creates a cookie "LEO_AUTH_TOKEN" on the user's computer that serves as a key to gain access to the account.
Lots of websites use such cookies, but what makes the LinkedIn cookie unusual is that it does not expire for a full year from the date it is created, Narang said.
He detailed the vulnerability in a posting on his blog at http://www.wtfuzz.com Saturday.
Most commercial websites would typically design their access token cookies to expire in 24 hours, or even earlier if a user were to first log off the account, Narang said.
There are some exceptions: Banking sites often log users off after 5 or 10 minutes of inactivity. Google gives its users the option of using cookies that keep them logged on for several weeks, but it lets the user decide first.
The long life of the LinkedIn cookie means that anybody who gets hold of that file can load it on to a PC and easily gain access to the original user's account for as much as a year.
The company issued a statement saying that it already takes steps to secure the accounts of its customers.
"LinkedIn takes the privacy and security of our members seriously," the statement said.
"Whether you are on LinkedIn or any other site, it's always a good idea to choose trusted and encrypted WiFi networks or VPNs (virtual private networks) whenever possible."
The company said that it currently supports SSL, or secure sockets layer, technology for encrypting certain "sensitive" data, including account logins.
But those access token cookies are not yet scrambled with SSL. That makes it possible for hackers to steal the cookies using widely available tools for sniffing Internet traffic, Narang said.
LinkedIn said in its statement that it is preparing to offer "opt-in" SSL support for other parts of the site, an option that would cover encryption of those cookies. The company said it expected that to be available "in the coming months."
But LinkedIn officials declined to respond to Narang's critique of the company's use of a cookie with a one-year expiration.
Narang said that problem is particularly acute because LinkedIn's users are not aware of the problem and have no idea that they should be protecting those cookies.
He said he found four cookies with valid LinkedIn access tokens had been uploaded to a LinkedIn developer forum by users who were posting questions about their use.
He said he downloaded those cookies and was able to access the accounts of the four LinkedIn subscribers.
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