* Pass mark, capital details due out at 1200 BST
* EBA also set to name about 90 banks to be tested
* Banks already raising capital ahead of test
(Adds graphics, investor estimates, share price)
By Huw Jones and Steve Slater
LONDON, April 8 (Reuters) - Europe will tell its banks on
Friday how much capital they need to hold to withstand a
two-year recession, as financial watchdogs seek to repair the
sector's tattered image in the eyes of investors.
The European Banking Authority (EBA) will name the 90 or so
banks that need to undergo this health check, which will
determine which of them need to raise capital to bolster their
defences against economic headwinds.
The EBA, keen to be seen as tough after last year's
healthcheck flopped, will determine the level of core capital
that the banks need to have left on their books when tested
under the adverse economic scenarios.
The regulator, running the stress tests for a third time
since the financial crisis unfolded, will also spell out the
quality of capital eligible for inclusion in the process, the
results of which are due in June.
The health check is aimed at drawing a line under the bloc's
banking problems and is already having an impact.
Banks are bolstering capital ahead of the test. Even though
few banks are expected to fail, being close to failing could
prompt weak banks to raise capital. Plans unveiled by the end of
this month can be included in the heath check.
Germany's Commerzbank AG, along with Italy's Intesa Sanpaolo
and Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, this week unveiled
plans to increase their capital cushions.
Europe's listed banks are expected to raise at least 40
billion euros this year and Spain's private savings banks, or
cajas, will raise a similar amount, according to a majority of
investors polled at a top conference last month.
Fewer than 10 banks are expected to fail the EBA stress test
according to more than four-fifths of the 800 investors polled
by investment bank Morgan Stanley.
However banks seen in the "near pass" region are likely to
come under pressure to raise cash or see their shares discounted
in comparison to rivals who have built capital up to robust
Portugal's economic troubles have raised fears the capital
level of its banks will be eroded by low economic growth and
rising bad debts, and need bolstering.
EBA Chairman Andrea Enria said this week only top quality
capital can be counted in a bank's core Tier 1 ratio -- the most
stringent measure of stability.
German banks are keen to see if the EBA accepts the
inclusion of "silent participations", a hybrid debt-equity
instrument used widely by local regulators, but which critics
say may not absorb losses under stress.
Last week the European Commission said banks will need to
keep core Tier 1 capital above 5 percent to pass the tests,
which will also include tumbling property prices.
Banks must hold a minimum of 7 percent capital at all times
under new global capital rules known as Basel III, from January
2013, though countries such as Britain and Switzerland have
already put the bar at 10 percent or more.
The DJ Stoxx European banking index was up 0.1 percent at
207.85 points by 0821 GMT, lagging the broader FTSEurofirst 300
. The banking index is up almost 3 percent this week but down 8
percent from a mid-February peak of 228 points.
(Additional reporting by Steve Slater; Editing by Sophie Walker
and Douwe Miedema)
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