Tags: Existing | Home | Sales | Rise | 10 Percent | Weak

Existing Home Sales Rise 10 Percent but Market Stays Weak

Monday, 25 Oct 2010 10:09 AM

Sales of U.S. existing homes rose in September by the most on record, a sign cheaper borrowing costs are helping stabilize an industry that’s battling the headwinds of foreclosures and joblessness.

Purchases increased 10 percent to a 4.53 million annual rate from 4.12 million in August, the National Association of Realtors said today in Washington. Economists forecast sales would rise to a 4.3 million pace, according to the median projection in a Bloomberg News survey. The median price fell 2.4 percent from a year earlier.

The lowest mortgage rates on record and cheaper homes are enticing some buyers and providing a backstop for the industry that precipitated the worst recession since the 1930s. At the same time, the housing recovery will be slowed by unemployment forecast to exceed 9 percent through 2011 and foreclosures that add to the inventory of unsold homes.

“Even with this improvement, you’re still at a remarkably depressed level,” said Tom Porcelli, senior economist at RBC Capital Markets Corp. in New York. “We’re going to continue to muddle along here, given the supply- demand imbalance.”

Estimates of the 72 economists surveyed by Bloomberg ranged from 4 million to 4.8 million. In July, sales ran at a 3.84 million annual rate, the weakest in a decade’s worth of record-keeping by the Realtors group.

Stocks Higher

Stocks and Treasury securities maintained gains after the report. The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index increased 1 percent to 1,194.61 at 10:06 a.m. in New York. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note, which moves inversely to price, fell to 2.5 percent from 2.55 percent late on Oct. 22.

Compared with a year earlier, existing home sales were down 19 percent before adjusting for seasonal patterns.

Sales last month rose in all four regions, today’s report showed, led by a 14.5 percent jump in the Midwest.

The median price decreased 2.4 percent to $171,700 last month from September 2009.

Purchases of single-family homes rose 10 percent to a 3.97 million annual rate in September from a month earlier, the group said.

Housing Inventory

The number of previously owned homes on the market fell 1.9 percent to 4.04 million. At the current sales pace, it would take 10.7 months to sell those houses, compared with 12 months in August.

Month’s supply would need to drop to eight to nine months in order to stabilize home prices, according to the NAR.

Distressed sales, which include foreclosures and short-sales in which the bank agrees to take less than the full amount of the mortgage, accounted for 35 percent of total sales.

A government tax credit of as much as $8,000 gave housing a temporary lift late last year and into 2010. Purchases plunged in July, the month after buyers were originally required to close deals in order to get the incentive. Sales of existing houses are lower than the 4.83 million average pace set during recession that ended in June 2009, and are well off the record 7.25 million peak reached in September 2005.

Foreclosure Moratoria

Foreclosure moratoria at JPMorgan Chase & Co. and other banks, along with government investigations into faulty paperwork, threaten to further delay a recovery as houses slated for repossession take longer to come to market.

Foreclosures are mounting as out-of-work Americans can’t meet monthly payments while growing numbers of homeowners, seeing their home prices slide to less than their mortgage values, also default.

The U.S. central bank and other regulators are “intensively” examining financial firms’ home-foreclosure practices and expect preliminary findings next month, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke said today at a housing conference in Arlington, Virginia.

“More than 20 percent of borrowers owe more than their home is worth, and an additional 33 percent have equity cushions of 10 percent or less, putting them at risk should house prices decline much further,” Bernanke said. “With housing markets still weak, high levels of mortgage distress may well persist for some time to come.”

Unemployment forecast to exceed 9 percent through 2011 is another reason why any recovery in housing may take years to evolve, even with 30-year mortgage rates near record lows.

Monetary Policy

Fed officials have signaled they may start another round of unconventional monetary easing at their next meeting Nov. 3. Most economists, including Nobel laureate Joseph Stiglitz and Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s chief U.S. economist Jan Hatzius, see the measures having little effect on economic growth.

Housing markets were “weak,” with “sluggish or declining” sales in many regions, the Fed said last week in its survey of regional districts for September and early October. “Respondents’ outlooks suggested sales and construction would remain subdued through year-end,” restrained in part by lending standards and “general economic uncertainty,” the Fed said.

Housing starts in September were 73 percent below the three-decade peak of 2.27 million reached in January 2006.

“The homebuilding market remains quite challenging, but there are a number of signs that we’re bouncing along the bottom,” Larry Sorsby, chief financial officer at Hovnanian Enterprises Inc., the largest homebuilder in New Jersey, said during an Oct. 7 conference call. “The first sign of recovery is we’ve got to reach bottom, and it certainly appears that we have.”

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Sales of U.S. existing homes rose in September by the most on record, a sign cheaper borrowing costs are helping stabilize an industry that s battling the headwinds of foreclosures and joblessness. Purchases increased 10 percent to a 4.53 million annual rate from 4.12...
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2010-09-25
 

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