For years, the new Hong Kong was Dubai, one of seven United Arab Emirates and a one-time smuggling port on the Persian Gulf, now the latest casualty of "Wild East" casino capitalism.
It was all fevered speculation, with little oil and no gas to back it up. But in the end, nothing could prevent the implosion of Dubai's speculative bubble — not a downtown golf course, not the world's tallest building (twice the height of the Empire State Building), and not even an indoor ski slope, even as the outside temperature hovers more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit all summer.
Thirty minutes away by air and you're in the Arab ElDorado, no longer the imaginary place of great wealth and opportunity that eluded 16th-century explorers in South America. Qatar, with a population of 2.1 million, is the wealthiest country in the world with a per-capita income of $78,000. With only 35,000 people, Liechtenstein (banks) claims $118,000 but is in a separate league of stamp-sized states.
The oil giants are pouring tens of billions of dollars into GTL (gas-to-liquid) ventures with Qatar Petroleum. Depending on different criteria, Qatar is the world's first or second exporter of liquid natural gas. This week, some of the 2,500 separate GTL systems, with 800 operators and technicians, began churning in a gigantic project that employs almost 50,000.
Fifteen years ago, Qatar's Sandhurst-trained Crown Prince Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani concluded that his father the emir, Sheik Khalifa bin Hamad, was squandering Qatar's future, hidebound as it was by a religiously inspired status quo. He deposed his father, on vacation in Switzerland, in a bloodless transfer of power.
The new emir lost no time opening the country to the rest of the world. At the same time, he funded with $137 million the creation of al-Jazeera (The Peninsula), a no-holds-barred radical Arab voice that sent shock waves through conservative, ruling families that kept their media on the straight and narrow.
Today, al-Jazeera's English service, with its globe-girdling bureaus, Twitter feeds, and YouTube posting, outshines CNN International. And Doha's two English-language newspapers — The Peninsula and Gulf News — each carries 14 pages of international news, rivaling in volume such global giants as the Financial Times and the International Herald Tribune.
Last week, al-Jazeera's one-on-one interview in English with Ahmad Chalabi made the former neocon icon, who produced disinformation on weapons of mass destruction designed to maneuver the United States into invading Iraq in 2003, squirm under the barrage.
Rejected by the United States, Chalabi maneuvered himself into leading the Accountability and Justice Commission, where he decides which former Baath Party loyalists are to be purged from public life. To work anywhere under Saddam Hussein, one had to be a Baathist. Al-Jazeera's interviewer left no doubt that Chalabi, a Shiite and frequent traveler to Tehran, is now Iran's man and that his goal is to become prime minister.
In Qatar, political reforms were more sagacious; they went hand-in-hand with modernity as the emir and his dynamic beautiful wife, Sheika Mozah Bint Nasser Al Missned, lobbied U.S. universities to open campuses in Qatar. Six have done so. And students get the same education they would stateside. In 1999, women voted for the first time in municipal elections. At Qatar University, 75 percent of 10,000 students are women. A woman is education minister. Balloting for a national parliament and a constitutional monarchy are on the docket. There is even a Ladies Tour of Qatar bicycle race — in shorts.
Doha's skyscrapers have won architectural prizes by the score. They are well-separated for viewing from their four sides. Each major ministry has its own high-rise, all with Arabic and Muslim motifs.
Qatar's defense priorities faced an agonizing reappraisal after Saddam Hussein's 1990 invasion of Kuwait with 100,000 troops and 700 tanks, followed by an allied force of 500,000 that flowed in to Saudi Arabia to kick Saddam out of Kuwait, followed by 9/11 and the U.S.-British invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, and then the 200,000-strong U.S.-British invasion of Iraq in 2003.
Florida-based CENTCOM maintains a sub-HQ at Qatar's Al Udeid Air Base, 28 miles west of Doha, where 1,000 Americans from all services are based. It also has use of a 15,000-foot runway, the longest in the Gulf, under Qatari command.
The emir and his government chief, strategic thinker Sheik Hamad bin Jassim bin Jabr Al Thani, who is both prime minister and foreign minister, and the national security staff see all their many accomplishments in dire peril should Israel decide to bomb Iran. Only 100 miles separate Iran's nearest missile batteries from Qatar's LNG port at Ras Laffan.
"Two missiles on LNG loading docks as a supertanker takes on a full load," said one ranking Western diplomat and Qatar "is out of business." So Qatar endeavors to maintain "cordial" relations with what is perceived to be a military regime now in power in Tehran. Its Northfield cornucopia abuts, even overlaps, with Iran's claim.
Last week, Qatar's defense chiefs received a high-powered Iranian military delegation, headed by Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi. The post-meeting communique was effusively bland. No mention of threats and dangers. But privately, Qatar's leaders believe the best solution to the Iranian threat is what they call "Japan and Brazil."
No further explanation is required. Both Japan and Brazil are roughly three months from being able to produce a nuclear weapon. And they believe Iran is ready to accept such a compromise while, of course, denying they have any nuclear weapons ambitions.
The worst-case scenario came up at the Club of Monaco (retired senior statesmen and women from Europe, the Middle East, including Israel, and the United States) in Doha last week. Diplomatic code was "detonator," which was designed to conjure up an Israeli airstrike against an Iranian nuclear facility that automatically would unleash Iran's asymmetrical retaliatory capabilities against U.S. and pro-U.S. targets up and down the Persian Gulf.
Most world governments would assume the United States had given Israel the green light, and Iran, in turn, would feel justified in "counterattacking" throughout the gulf. Thus, Israel becomes the "detonator."
There was also an emerging consensus that Iran had welcomed the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 and that Iranian officials in the gulf rooted privately for George W. Bush's re-election in 2004. One Iranian official was quoted as saying, "America got rid of our worst enemy and turned Iraq over to Iranian influence."
Another ranking French participant said U.S. President Barack "Obama is self-weakening and his influence over the Iranian crisis is dwindling. And the more he weakens himself, the more inclined he will be to give Israel the nod to bomb Iran."
Qatar and Oman, two of the six Gulf Cooperation Council members, established trade relations with Israel in the late 1990s. The five Israelis who attended the Monaco Club conference were betting Israel would not bomb Iran. And the leaders of the former British protectorate of Qatar, independent since 1971, are determined to keep climbing the ladder of international success.
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