Tags: Health Topics | vaccine | childhood | injury

What Is the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986?

By    |   Thursday, 04 Jun 2015 09:22 AM

The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 (NCVIA) created the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP) to ensure that vaccines could still be accessible to the American public in the wake of resolving vaccine injury claims.

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During the 1970’s and 80’s, public scares occurred over lawsuits filed against vaccine manufacturing companies and healthcare providers claiming that victims had been seriously injured or sickened in the wake of receiving the diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT) vaccine.

The courts awarded huge amounts of damages to many of the claimants, which caused all of the DPT vaccine providers to shut down except for one, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 

In order to address the situation, ensure that vaccines were still available, and allow for those actually injured from vaccines to receive compensation, Congress responded by implementing the NCVIA with a number of regulations to help “stabilize the legal environment for manufacturers, allowing them to limit their liability, better anticipate their legal costs, and reduce potential barriers to research into new vaccines,” according to the History of Vaccines website.

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This act acknowledged that injuries and deaths have occurred in the past from faulty vaccines and validated the concerns of parents seeking justice for their affected children, according to the National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC). It also declared that safety protections for vaccine administration should be taken seriously. 

The NCVIA requires that vaccine providers to give vaccine information statements (VIS) to the person or guardian of the person receiving the vaccine notifying them of the potential risks and benefits.

It also demands that healthcare providers report all cases of harmful side effects caused by vaccine administration and keep written records of the names and numbers for each vaccination given to each person, according to NVIC. 

In addition, all resulting serious health issues are to be added to each child’s permanent medical record. 

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The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 (NCVIA) created the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP) to ensure that vaccines could still be accessible to the American public in the wake of resolving vaccine injury claims.
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2015-22-04
Thursday, 04 Jun 2015 09:22 AM
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