Tags: Immigration | sanctuary cities | policies

3 Characteristics of Sanctuary Cities' Policies

By    |   Friday, 16 Oct 2015 01:35 AM

A sanctuary city is one that has identified itself as a place where unauthorized immigrants will not be reported to the federal government. These jurisdictions have made clear, formally or informally, they will not comply with federal laws regarding illegal aliens and will not distinguish between legal and illegal aliens.

The National Review estimated that more than half
of the 41 million immigrants in the U.S. have settled in one of five sanctuary cities: New York City–Newark, Los Angeles, Chicago, Miami, and San Francisco–Oakland. According to the Center for Migration Studies, an estimated 11 million immigrants in the U.S. are unauthorized.

In 1996, the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act was passed. The federal law requires local governments to cooperate with the Department of Homeland Security’s Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency by alerting ICE when individuals are found to be in the United States illegally.

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The Secure Border Initiative that went into effect in 2005 attempted to strengthen the enforcement powers of ICE through emphasis on criminal alien programs, including quicker deportation of illegal immigrants.

Sanctuary cities openly defy these requirements. In order to be considered a sanctuary city, the jurisdictions generally share the following characteristics:

1. They have a sanctuary policy, either formal or informal, according to the Ohio Jobs & Justice PAC. A formal policy is written and has been passed by the jurisdiction and is publicized. An informal policy, although not written, is implemented through instruction to the employees of the city on how they are to respond to the presence of illegal aliens. Some refer to these informal policies as “don’t ask – don’t tell” policies.

2. City employees are instructed on their responsibility to report illegal aliens and are told they are not to notify ICE when someone is identified as illegal. Many law enforcement agencies supported this in an effort to provide better services to the immigrant community, Townhall.com reported. Illegal aliens were afraid to cooperate or assist local law enforcement agencies for fear of being reported to the federal immigration officials.

There seems to be evidence that this policy has been successful. While sanctuary laws tend to attract more immigrants to a community, the crime rate among illegal aliens appears to be lower than that of people born in the U.S., according to Mother Jones. Of the population of immigrant men between the ages of 18 and 39, 1.6 percent are incarcerated, compared with 3.3 percent of men born in the U.S.

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3. The jurisdiction does not distinguish between legally authorized immigrants and illegal aliens in providing taxpayer-funded government services and programs. As people make use of public services, from education through health care, if their immigrant status reveals they are not authorized to be in the U.S., services cannot be denied.

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A sanctuary city is one that has identified itself as a place where unauthorized immigrants will not be reported to the federal government.
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2015-35-16
Friday, 16 Oct 2015 01:35 AM
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