Tags: Prostate Health | prostate gland surgery | necessary

Prostate Gland Surgery: Is It Really Necessary?

By    |   Wednesday, 27 Apr 2016 06:36 PM

Prostate gland surgery is an option available to men who have an enlarged prostate or have been diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Prostate gland surgery could provide benefits for men who continue to have such bothersome issues as frequent urinary tract infections, kidney damage, bladder stones, an inability to urinate, or blood in the urine that continues.

Medications often take care of an enlarged prostate, known as benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH, for many men, according to WebMD. However, if symptoms are not relieved through medicine, a doctor may recommend prostate gland surgery as necessary.

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Prostate gland surgery may also be recommended when minimally invasive procedures have not worked.

The various treatments have benefits and risks, which patients can discuss with their doctors to find out information on the available options.

For patients considering their treatment options, WebMD advises these men to ask their doctor if their condition will improve with treatment and how much it will improve, what side effects may occur and for how long, and if the treatment may have to be repeated later on.

Minimally invasive procedures include transurethral microwave therapy, in which microwave heat destroys excess prostate tissue.

Transurethral needle ablation uses a heated needle to destroy the tissue.

The UroLift system involves a permanent implant that pulls back tissue to improve urine flow.

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Surgical procedures include transurethral resection of the prostate to remove an inner portion of the prostate, open surgery to remove the enlarged tissue, laser surgery to shrink tissue, and transurethral incision of the prostate to reduce the pressure of the prostate on the urethra and improve urination.

For prostate cancer, surgery includes radical prostatectomy, which removes the entire prostate gland and surrounding tissue. Side effects such as urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction may follow.

The majority of patients regain urinary control over time. Regaining sexual function depends on age and the extent of the cancer, according to Dr. James Eastham, chief of Memorial Sloan Kettering’s Urology Service in New York. Younger patients usually have a better chance of having sexual function return.

Talking with a doctor about newer therapies available also helps in decision making.

The American Cancer Society reports that prostate cancer is often found while in its early stage and that men don’t always need surgery right away.

They might consider their age and health before having surgery that might cause sexual and urinary complications. Other men might decide to have the prostate removed as soon as possible because they aren’t as concerned about the side effects.

Discussing the options with family and friends or other prostate surgery patients may help in the decision. The American Cancer Society notes that the options are different for each patient. Men can sometimes take their time before reaching any decision while keeping a watchful eye on their condition before prostate gland surgery becomes necessary.

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Prostate gland surgery is an option for men who have an enlarged prostate or have been diagnosed with prostate cancer. Prostate gland surgery could benefit men who continue to have frequent urinary tract infections, kidney damage, bladder stones, an inability to urinate, or blood in the urine.
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2016-36-27
Wednesday, 27 Apr 2016 06:36 PM
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