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6 Parts of the Brain Dedicated to Memory Function

By    |   Monday, 23 May 2016 04:28 PM

The parts of the brain involved in memory are sections of a complex operation. Each part is responsible for different ideas, facts, or figures essential for memory function.

Here are six parts of the brain that help you remember things immediately obtained or stored over a lifetime.

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1. The frontal lobe of the cerebral cortex plays a key role in mental functions, including decision-making, explains The Human Memory. It is also involved in processing short-term memory and longer term memory. Short-term memory helps in remembering tasks performed while longer term memory retains issues surrounding those tasks.

2. Short-term memory develops in the prefrontal cortex, according to the Mayfield Clinic of Cincinnati, Ohio. The prefrontal cortex is part of the frontal lobe and coordinates immediate facts. It stores information for about a minute and can hold about seven items, such as a sentence just read or a phone number to remember.

3. The temporal lobe, also part of the cerebral cortex, processes sights to help form long-term memory. It takes in visuals, such as scenes or faces of people, which are stored in the memory for future use.

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4. Within the temporal lobe is the medial temporal lobe, involved in declarative and episodic memory. Declarative memory stores and retrieves memories from events and facts. Episodic memory packages those events or facts into a series so people can remember points in time.

5. The hippocampus is housed deep inside the medial temporal lobe. This part of the brain helps to transfer short-term memory into long-term memory. Long-term memory includes information on facts, figures, and information a person wants to memorize for a long time, the Mayfield Clinic notes. The hippocampus also grows neurons so the brain can retain these memories.

6. The cerebral cortex also contains the basal ganglia system, which forms and later retrieves procedural memory involved in the learning process, such as how to ride a bike or play an instrument.

After memories are formed, they are stored in the cerebral cortex and act independently so they can be recalled whenever information is needed.

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The parts of the brain involved in memory are sections of a complex operation. Each part is responsible for different ideas, facts, or figures essential for memory function.
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2016-28-23
Monday, 23 May 2016 04:28 PM
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