Tags: US State Facts | Louisiana History | New Orleans | Baton Rouge | French Quarter

Louisiana History: 8 Events That Shaped the State

By    |   Monday, 23 Feb 2015 11:32 PM

Louisiana history is full of French influences and a unique culture that is found nowhere else in the country. Known for its infmaous Mardi Gras celebrations in the French Quarter, the oldest neighborhood in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana sure has an interesting history.

Here are eight events that helped shape Louisiana:

1. Louisiana Claimed and Named by the French: In 1682, Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle claims the land that would become Louisiana for the country of France and names it after his King Louis XIV.

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2. City of New Orleans: New Orleans was founded in 1718 on a bend in the Mississippi River about a 100 miles north of the Gulf of Mexico. It quickly became a busy port city. New Orleans and its vivid culture have played a huge role in Louisiana history.

3. Seven Years War: Louisiana became a Spanish territory following the Seven Years War (also known as the French and Indian War).

4. Acadians Arrive: The Acadians were French descendants who migrated to Louisiana. They became the largest ethnic group in the area and are responsible for the Cajun culture that developed.

5.
Louisiana Purchase: In 1803, Louisiana history changed forever when Thomas Jefferson negotiated the purchase of the land which would later become the state. The total purchase of land included 530 million acres and extended up the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. The cost of the exchange was $15 million.

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6. Louisiana becomes a state: In 1812 Louisiana was admitted to the Union as the 18th state. Louisiana seceded from the Union in 1861 and joined the Confederate States of America. After the Civil War, it wass re-admitted to the Union in 1868.

7. Jim Crow Laws: Following the reconstruction years after the Civil War a series of racist laws limited the freedoms of African Americans. These laws caused a period of violence against blacks beginning in the late 1800s. Blacks were not allowed to vote in Louisiana by the early 1900s. They also could not serve on juries or run for public office. In 1896, the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court Case, which began in Louisiana, stated that being "separate but equal" was constitutionally valid. This would hold until the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education case which changed that ruling.

8. Hurricane Katrina: In 2005, Hurricane Katrina hit the state killing 1,500 people leaving over 2 million homeless. The city of New Orleans experienced major flooding making this one of the costliest natural disasters.

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Louisiana history is full of French influences and a unique culture that is found nowhere else in the country. Known for its infmaous Mardi Gras celebrations in the French Quarter, the oldest neighborhood in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana sure has an interesting history.
Louisiana History, New Orleans, Baton Rouge, French Quarter
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2015-32-23
Monday, 23 Feb 2015 11:32 PM
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