Tags: US State Facts | Idaho History | Gem State | Indian War

Idaho History: 8 Events That Shaped the State

Image: Idaho History: 8 Events That Shaped the State
Stamp shows Lewis and Clark Expedition. (dollarphotoclub)

By    |   Monday, 23 Feb 2015 11:32 PM

An Indian War, a gunfight involving federal marshals and the bombing assassination of a former governor are all part of the history of Idaho. Those violent occurrences are among many others which helped shape the Gem State.

Here are eight events that helped shape Idaho:

1. Lewis and Clark explore Idaho: An advance party of the Lewis and Clark expedition — commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson to map the newly acquired Louisiana Territory — in 1805 entered present-day Idaho, where it received vital assistance from the Lemhi Shoshone Indian tribe. The United States and Great Britain in 1818 ratified a treaty allowing for both countries to settle and trade in an area known as the Oregon Country, which includes present-day Idaho, according to the Oregon History Project.

VOTE NOW: Is Idaho Gov. Butch Otter Doing a Good Job?

2. The U.S. gets control: The U.S. and Great Britain in 1846 signed the Oregon Treaty, which established boundaries identifying which lands each country would control while giving the U.S. possession of present-day Idaho.

3.
Idaho becomes a U.S. territory: President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 signed an act creating the Idaho Territory while establishing its capital at Lewiston.The Idaho Territory initially included most of the areas that would later become the states of Idaho, Montana and Wyoming, and assumed Idaho's current boundaries in 1868.

4. Idaho sees an Indian war: The 1870s saw increased hostilities between settlers and the Nez Perce Indian Tribe, which lived in the Idaho and Montana territories and had previously been non-violent. The website said the Nez Perce in 1877 went to war with the U.S., with the fighting ending when Nez Perce leader Chief Joseph formally surrendered his forces that October, according to the U.S. Army.

5. Idaho becomes a state: President Benjamin Harrison in 1890 signed the Congressional act establishing Idaho as the 43rd state.

VOTE NOW: Should the Government Be Doing More to Promote Tourism in America?

6. Idaho gives women the right to vote: Idaho in 1896 became only the fourth state to give women the right to vote, according to Idaho Statesman. The move — made 24 years before women's suffrage became federal law — demonstrated that Idaho was one of the more receptive states to the progressive agenda of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

7. Labor unrest leads to a former governor's assassination: Former Idaho Gov. Frank Steunenberg was fatally wounded in 1905 by a bomb triggered when he opened a gate at his home. A professional assassin named Harry Orchard was sentenced to life in prison for killing Steunenberg, who was targeted for the role he played in bringing federal troops in to quell an 1899 strike by silver miners, who had been struggling against management since 1892 to unionize and gain better pay and working conditions, says History.com. A union leader, William "Big Bill" Haywood, was charged with involvement in the killing but was acquitted.

8. Ruby Ridge standoff draws national attention: A 1992 standoff between U.S. Marshals, the FBI and white separatist Randy Weaver and his family at their compound at Ruby Ridge in northern Idaho drew national attention at a time when that part of the state was seeing an increased presence of right-wing extremist political groups. The ensuing gunfight — and the deaths of Weaver's wife and son, and a U.S. Marshal — triggered considerable controversy over the nature of what constitutes acceptable force by the federal government in such situations.

URGENT: Do You Approve of the Job Butch Otter Is Doing as Hawaii Governor?

Related Stories

© 2017 Newsmax. All rights reserved.

 
1Like our page
2Share
FastFeatures
An Indian War, a gunfight involving federal marshals and the bombing assassination of a former governor are all part of the history of Idaho. Those violent occurrences are among many others which helped shape the Gem State.
Idaho History, Gem State, Indian War
603
2015-32-23
Monday, 23 Feb 2015 11:32 PM
Newsmax Inc.
 

Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent. American. are registered trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Newsmax TV, and Newsmax World are trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc.

NEWSMAX.COM
America's News Page
© Newsmax Media, Inc.
All Rights Reserved