Endometriosis is identified as the second most common gynecological problem. Unfortunately, finding a successful treatment has been difficult. At the moment, endometriosis treatment is limited to painkillers and surgery.
Endometriosis happens due to the growth of endometrial tissue in locations outside of the uterus and in other pelvic organs. Every month, this lesion breaks down and bleeds in a similar way to a menstrual period. Diagnosis is difficult as there are no specific symptoms of endometriosis except pelvic pain during menstruation or ovulation, which is quite common in women without endometriosis as well. Laparoscopic surgery is the only way to know for sure.
Common symptoms of endometriosis are:
· Pain before and during menstruation
· Heavy and /or irregular menstrual cycle
· General or chronic pelvic pain
· Pain during intercourse
· Lower back pain
· Painful urination during menstruation
· Painful bowel movements, especially during menstruation
· Diarrhea or constipation
There is no cure for endometriosis but there are endometriosis treatment options to keep the pain and other difficulties under control. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are used to relieve pain during periods. Endometriosis surgery can be used also, as a primary or secondary line of treatment, or sometimes along with medication.
Dutch researchers have recently made a breakthrough that will inhibit the growth of new endometriosis lesions and hope to control the growth of existing lesions. Although the preliminary tests have been successful, the new breakthrough has yet to take shape.
Researchers and doctors from the U.K. have also found a new breakthrough for endometriosis. They claim that endometriosis symptoms could be triggered by an out of control enzyme known as Telomerase which is usually released by the inner lining of the womb during menstruation. For those who are already affected by endometriosis, this enzyme is released at a later stage when it destroys the chances for a woman to become pregnant.
Researchers feel that these breakthroughs could be the stepping stone to the treatment of endometriosis.
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