Tags: Heart Disease | CIMT | heart attack | test | predict

CIMT: Can Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Test Predict a Heart Attack?

By    |   Tuesday, 12 Jul 2016 04:00 PM

CIMT, or Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Test, can be used as early detection for cardiovascular disease or heart attack and measures the thickness between the artery walls and plaque.

Heart disease continues to be the leading cause of death in the U.S. Each day around 2,150 people die from a heart attack, Fox News reports.

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The ability to measure plaque buildup and predict heart disease and heart attack could save many lives and change the quality of life for many people. Dr. Amy Doneen, medical director for the Heart Attack and Stroke Prevention Center in Washington, told Fox News, “The cause of heart attacks and the majority of strokes is arteriosclerosis, which is plaque buildup in the artery wall.”

According to Cedars-Sinai, the CIMT uses ultrasound technology to detect vascular disease and risk for heart attack and stroke. The test measures the thickness between the intima and media (the two layers of the carotid arteries) in the neck to determine the severity of disease.

Studies have revealed that there is a link between the presence of carotid plaque and coronary artery plaque.

The combination of increased thickness and plaque can predict stroke or heart attack risk. The CIMT can also measure plaque in the arteries which indicates more substantial vascular disease.

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According to Fox News, the American Heart Association has set guidelines stating CIMT can be used in asymptomatic people to detect and measure plaque buildup and risk for heart attack. The American Journal of Cardiology published a study in 2015 that indicates CIMT in conjunction with traditional risk factor assessment “is more effective to predict a person’s risk of heart attack and stroke.”

A study published by the National Institutes of Health concludes that CIMT has been deemed safe and reliable for detecting disease in the early stages by measuring plaque in the carotid and coronary arteries, which may predict future strokes or heart attacks.

Prevention of a heart attack may be successful after using the CIMT to diagnose and subsequently treat problem plaque.

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CIMT, or Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Test, can be used as early detection for cardiovascular disease or heart attack and measures the thickness between the artery walls and plaque.
CIMT, heart attack, test, predict
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2016-00-12
Tuesday, 12 Jul 2016 04:00 PM
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