Tags: Rapture | Christian Charismatic | Neo-Charismatic | Evolution

Neo-Charismatic Church Evolution: 6 Things That Led to Development of Movement

By    |   Monday, 09 Feb 2015 01:21 PM

The Neo-charismatic Christian movement of the 21st century was founded on a series of "renewal" movements. The movement is characterized by a belief that the Holy Spirit still actively offers gifts to believers in the form of prophecy, healing, speaking in tongues and discernment.

The Neo-charismatic movement, also known as a "third wave" movement emphasizes worship and Bible study in the seeking of these gifts, but does not promote a dogmatic approach towards "baptism of the spirit" that predecessor movements espoused.

This middle ground has become very successful. Neo-charismatic Christian churches have surpassed previous Pentecostal and Charismatic denominations in numbers of believers and growth.

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Here are six things that led to the development of the Neo-charismatic movement:

1. First wave: The Pentecostal movement was born in Topeka, Kansas in 1901 at Bethel Bible College when a group of believers prayed for and received the ability to speak in tongues as a part of worship. This was followed by the Azuza Street Revival in 1906 in Los Angeles, California which brought international attention to what became known as the Pentecostal movement.

2. Second wave: Known as the Charismatic Renewal movement of the 1960s. Groups of mainline Protestants and some Roman Catholics experienced a renewed experience of the gifts of the Holy Spirit. This movement, agreed with the First Wave Pentecostals, in the belief that a separate, non-salvation related experience of a "baptism" in the Holy Spirit could lead to an outpouring of the gifts of the spirit on believers. Unlike Pentecostals, which formed separate denominations, many of these believers stayed in their mainline denominations.

3. Chuck Smith's Calvary Chapel Movement: This movement was a push back against the Charismatic renewal of the 1960s and 70s. While Charismatic renewal movement believed there was a second baptism of the Holy Spirit that led to the manifestation of active gifts of the spirit, the Calvary Chapel Movement taught that all Christians are complete in their first baptism. Smith taught that the manifestations of the spirit should be more subdued than the flamboyant outpouring that characterized many Charismatic or Pentecostal experiences, but allowed for their experience and usefulness in the Christian life.

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4. Signs and Wonders: Seen as interchangeable with the Vineyard movement, this group of Christians is characterized by the belief that the outward signs of the Holy Spirit are intended to make the gospel easier to understand for believers. The "Signs and Wonders" is a Biblical reference to Mark 16:20.

5. John Wimber and the Vineyard Movement: The Charismatic Pastor John Wimber started the Vineyard movement in the 1980s. This movement's evangelistic gospel is coupled with the belief that the gifts of the Holy Spirit can help the believer and the body understand the faith. The group rejected the label of "charismatic" and is often referred to as "Third Wave" Christian renewal. The Vineyard Church Movement is a Christian charismatic neo-charismatic church.

6. New Apostolic Reformation: C. Peter Wagner is a key player in the New Apostolic Reformation movement which seeks to restore the church offices of apostle and prophet. C. Peter Wagner taught with John Wimber. He now teaches at the Wagner Leadership Institute which focuses on equipping leaders to continue in what are believed to be the five offices of the church — apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor and teacher.

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The Neo-charismatic Christian movement of the 21st century was founded on a series of "renewal" movements. The movement is characterized by a belief that the Holy Spirit still actively offers gifts to believers in the form of prophecy, healing, speaking in tongues and discernment.
Christian Charismatic, Neo-Charismatic, Evolution
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2015-21-09
Monday, 09 Feb 2015 01:21 PM
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