An American Airlines jet flying in from Miami overshot a rain-drenched runway and split apart because the flight crew may have been fatigued, according to an investigation of the botched landing almost five years ago.
The plane overshot the runway at the seaside Norman Manley International Airport in Kingston on Dec. 22, 2009, plowed through a perimeter fence and skidded across a road. The Boeing 737-823 came to rest on sand dunes and rocks a short distance from the waters of the Caribbean Sea.
The jetliner was destroyed, its fuselage broken into three sections and the right wing's tanks spilling jet fuel. All 154 people aboard survived, but 14 had serious injuries, though not life-threatening.
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The Jamaica Civil Aviation Authority issued its final report on the incident this week, posting it on the agency's website Tuesday, according to The Associated Press.
"The investigation involved a number of very involved processes," agency spokeswoman Ava Marie Ingram said Wednesday in explaining why it took the aviation authority so long to issue its conclusions.
Among other findings, the report said the experienced flight crew decided to land in heavy rain on a wet runway with a tail wind close to the landing limit. They were not aware of a standing water warning for the airport's runways in manuals, the investigation found.
The report found the crew did not do an adequate landing distance assessment and crossed the runway threshold 20 feet (six meters) above the ideal height, touching down farther along the runway than it should have.
Descending through cloud cover, the flight crew "were possibly fatigued after being on duty for nearly 12 hours, and awake for more than 14 hours," the report said.
Ingram said the report was sent to the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board.
American Airlines did not immediately respond to an email seeking comment.
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