FEMA: Disaster Preparedness Top Ten List

Thursday, 01 Mar 2012 02:16 PM

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The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) recently released its Top Ten Disaster Preparedness List of “must have” items during an emergency.

It’s vitally important for you and your family that you be informed about these items.

As expected, food and water supplies are considered essential as is a flashlight with extra batteries.

FEMA also recommends a battery operated radio that comes equipped with a manual, hand crank generator — in case electric power fails, it is critically important to have access to news and government bulletins. It could save your life.

Get A Recommended Emergency Radio By Clicking Here

Some of the things you can do to prepare for the unexpected, such as assembling a supply kit and developing a family emergency plan, are the same for all types of hazards.

It’s important to remember that each emergency is unique and knowing the actions to take for each threat will impact the specific decisions and preparations you make.

By finding out about these specific threats, you are preparing yourself to react during the catastrophic aftermath of any unforeseen event.

Natural disasters such as flood, fire, earthquake, tornado and hurricane affect hundreds of thousands of people every year.

FEMA says you should know what your risks are and prepare to protect yourself, your family and community. As the old maxim goes, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure!

Many these steps are relatively simple, such as having and storing an emergency radio.

Recognizing an impending hazard and knowing what to do to protect yourself will help you take effective steps to prepare beforehand and aid recovery after the event.

Another new hazard that can lead to a full scale collapse in communications is terrorism.

Throughout human history, there have been many threats to the security of nations. These threats have brought about massive losses of life, the destruction of property, widespread illness and injury, the displacement of large numbers of people and devastating economic loss.

Recent technological advances by terrorists and the nations that support them have added increased risk to the nation’s security and your own.
Keeping the public informed during a terrorist attack is the goal of a series of scenario-based workshops called "News and Terrorism: Communicating in a Crisis."

As part of that series, the National Academies has prepared, in cooperation with the Department of Homeland Security, fact sheets on five types of terrorist attacks.

Fact sheets on Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and IED attacks offer clear, objective information on these types of attacks and their impact and dangers. Federal officials have warned these threats are real and cannot be ignored.

Get A Recommended Emergency Radio By Clicking Here

The Department of Homeland Security provides the coordinated, comprehensive federal response in the event of a terrorist attack, natural disaster or other large-scale emergency while working with federal, state, local, and private sector partners to ensure a swift and effective recovery effort.

If there is a power outage during an emergency, your wire line phone, cell phone, wireless device or VoIP service may not work unless you have a back-up power supply.

If you suffer only an electrical power outage, you should still be able to use a traditional wire line (but not cordless) telephone, because electrical and telephone transmissions use different circuits or wires and telephone company facilities have back-up power available.

If you keep the battery on your wireless phone or other device fully charged, these devices should also continue working during a power outage.

Note that because wireless networks may be congested during an emergency, sending a text message may work better than placing a voice call.

Finally, unless you have a battery-operated TV or radio, these devices will not work during a power outage.

Therefore, federal and state agencies all agree that it is essential for each and every household to have a dependable, power-free radio to receive all emergency broadcasts.

Get A Recommended Emergency Radio By Clicking Here


Your emergency planning should also address the care of pets, aiding family members with access and functional needs and safely shutting off utilities.

You may also want to inquire about emergency plans at work, daycare and school. If no plans exist, consider volunteering to help create one. Read more about school and workplace plans.

Once you’ve collected this important information, gather your family members and discuss the information to put in the plan. Practice your plan at least twice a year and update it according to any issues that arise.

FEMA’s Top Ten Disaster Preparedness List:

• Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
• Food, at least three-day supply of non-perishable food
• Battery-powered/hand crank radio
• Flashlight and extra batteries
• First aid kit
• Whistle to signal for help
• Dust mask, plastic sheeting, and duct tape to help filter contaminated air and insulate shelter
• Manual can opener
• Local maps
• Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger

Get A Recommended Emergency Radio By Clicking Here


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