Documents from Argentina's Dictatorship Found in Military Basement

Tuesday, 05 Nov 2013 06:40 AM


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BUENOS AIRES, Argentina — A trove of documents dating to the start of Argentina's last dictatorship shows the names of activists who went missing and citizens blacklisted under the regime, officials announced Monday.

Authorities said the documents were found stashed in a basement of the Air Force headquarters in Buenos Aires.

"They found 280 original documents dealing with military juntas," said Defense Minister Agustin Rossi at a news conference.

The cache was found in two safes and in two closets, during a cleaning of the building's basement, Rossi said.

The documents, the first major find of classified documents from Argentina's so-called Dirty War of some three decades ago, have "immense historical value," according to Rossi, who said that they include communications between various service branches at the time.

But human rights organizations — which for years have been demanding that the military open their files on Argentina's dictatorship — also are likely to have a keen interest in the documents.

The documents could hold immeasurable value as they continue their efforts to bring to justice those who prosecuted the war.

Some of the documents are expected to shed light on the fate of 30,000 opposition activists who disappeared during the dictatorship and are believed overwhelmingly to have been murdered.

Rossi said that the documents showed that the military junta had planned to hold onto power until 2000.

They are said to also include communications with Hebe Bonafini, head of the rights organization "Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo," about her two children who went missing during the dictatorship and were never again heard from.

The find included a vast array of documents and photographs from the beginning of the March 24, 1976 coup through to its end in 1983.

The documents also include a blacklist of 153 Argentine artists and intellectuals, among them highly regarded writer Julio Cortazar who died in 1984, and legendary folk singer Mercedes Sosa who died in 2009.

Rossi said that the find raises expectations that officials could find even more documents that can illuminate the inner working of the dictatorship, and said that military officials would be encourage to "step up their search . . . in places that are not typical."

Officials said they since they were first informed about the find last Friday, about a dozen people from Argentina's humans rights office have been working to preserve the texts and photos and produce an initial catalog of the find.

© AFP 2014

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