A century ago, Henry Ford created the U.S. automotive industry. In 2010, Alan Mulally reinvented it for the better. When the Boeing veteran arrived at Ford in 2006, the legendary carmaker was in a death spiral. The place was a bastion of corporate gridlock, burning through its $21 billion cash reserves faster than it could conceive new products. Through sheer force of will, Mulally transformed Ford, the only American carmaker to reject a federal government bailout. Now it’s emerging from restructuring healthier and with more respected products. Even William Clay Ford Jr., the company’s chairman and great-grandson of Henry Ford, credits Mulally with making the changes that saved the company.