By Yereth Rosen
ANCHORAGE, Alaska, April 11 (Reuters) - A team of U.S. and
Russian scientists has launched the biggest population survey to
date of Bering Sea ice s e als as federal authorities consider
endangered species protections for the marine mammals, a U.S.
government spokeswoman said on Wednesday.
As part of the project, which began this week, scientists
are flying by plane at low altitude - just 800 to 1,000 feet
(240-300 metres) above the surface - across 20,000 nautical
miles (37,000 km) of U.S. and Russian waters, tracking the seals
with infrared and digital cameras.
The survey is not required for the U.S. government to make a
finding that any species of seals is endangered, but officials
have expressed hope the study could provide more insight into
how the loss of sea ice, attributed to global climate change, is
harming the animals.
The study will cover four species - ringed, spotted, bearded
and the ribbon seals - according to the National Oceanic and
All those seal species are characterized by their dependence
on floating sea ice for resting, nursing their young, foraging
for food and other important life functions.
The last time U.S. and Russian scientists collaborated on an
ice seal study in the waters separating the two nations was in
1976, said Julie Speegle, a NOAA spokeswoman in Alaska.
NOAA in December 2010 proposed listing bearded and ringed
seals as threatened under the Endangered Species Act, which
could give the animals and their habitats stronger safeguards
than they already receive under laws protecting marine mammals
in general. Final decisions on those two species are expected in
June, Speegle said.
The agency in 2008 rejected a petition to list ribbon seals
under the Endangered Species Act. Those seals are known for
their distinctive black-and-white striped fur. But last year,
NOAA reversed itself and opened a new review on the species.
NOAA declined in 2010 to list the U.S. population of spotted
seals, but invoked Endangered Species Act protections for those
seals living in waters off Russia and China.
Lack of population information has been cited by NOAA as a
reason for delays in listing decisions for some of the seals.
Obtaining accurate numbers for those animals, which dwell in
a remote and frigid part of the world, has long been a
challenge, Speegle said.
"It's a wide geographic area. Sometimes the weather
conditions are pretty harsh," she said.
The scientists will use infrared technology to detect the
heat of seals' bodies and digital imaging to distinguish between
species, she said.
The survey flights started this week in remote Nome, Alaska,
Speegle said. Flights will be conducted from other coastal
locations as well, she said. The current survey will last into
May, and a second survey is planned for next year, NOAA said.
(Editing by Alex Dobuzinskis, Steve Gorman; Desking by Peter
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