President Barack Obama urged House Speaker John Boehner on Monday to back legislation to fund the government for six weeks, and to vote on it quickly to avoid a government shutdown.
The White House said Obama, in a phone call to the top Republican in Congress, asked Boehner to drop House Republican attempts to tie continued funding of the government to cutting money for Obama's signature healthcare law, the central obstacle holding up an agreement.
"The president made clear to the Republican leadership that they must act, as the Senate has, to pass the bill that funds the government for six weeks that doesn't include any extraneous ideological riders," a White House statement said.
Obama urged the House to quickly bring up for a vote the Senate legislation that funds the government but that does not cut the healthcare funding, in order to "keep the government open and avoid a shutdown," the White House said.
Congress, still in partisan deadlock over Republican efforts to halt Obama's healthcare reforms, was on the verge of shutting down most of the federal government starting on Tuesday morning.
With the law funding thousands of routine government activities set to expire at midnight, House Republicans were still insisting that any temporary measure to fund the government include a delay of Obamacare, knowing that it would be rejected by the Democrat-controlled Senate, as it was Monday afternoon for the second time in a week.
There was little doubt how it would end without a last-minute compromise: in a shutdown that would leave some essential functions, such as national security, intact, but cut many regulatory agencies back to a skeleton staff.
Neither body wants to get stuck holding the funding measure at midnight, for fear of being identified as the one that ultimately didn't pass it, like a game of hot potato with rival funding bills that is now in its second week.
Asked late in the day whether Republicans would send an anti-Obamacare version of the funding measure back to the Senate for a third time, Rep. Marsha Blackburn of Tennessee said, "Oh, my goodness gracious, we're going to keep going. We're keeping the government open."
At 5 p.m. Obama appeared resigned to a shutdown, stepping into the White House press room to reiterate that the shutdown would be the fault of the "extreme right wing" of the Republican Party, referring to the conservative tea party.
He also reassured the public that while poor people and seniors, among others, would continue to receive benefit checks in the event of a shutdown, many other functions of government would grind to a halt, throwing "a wrench into the gears of our economy."
He also taunted Republicans about the health reforms known as Obamacare. It "takes effect tomorrow no matter what Congress decides to do today ... you can't shut it down."
Americans are split over whether funding for Obama's signature healthcare law should be linked to measures that pay for U.S. government operations, but more will blame Republicans if the government has to shut down on Tuesday, according to a new Reuters/Ipsos poll.
The duration of the "funding gap," the bureaucratic term for a partial government shutdown, would depend on when lawmakers finally approve a funding bill.
Some functions deemed essential, such asDepartment of Agriculture meat inspections, would continue. Other agencies, like the Environmental Protection Agency, will furlough most of their workers.
A shutdown would continue until Congress resolves its differences. That could be a matter of days, or weeks.
The standoff did not bode well for the next political battle, a far more consequential bill to raise the federal government's borrowing authority. Failure to raise the $16.7 trillion debt ceiling by mid-October would force the United States to default on some payment obligations — an event that could cripple its economy and send shockwaves around the globe.
Global stock markets fell on Monday as investors worried about the prospects of a partial U.S. government shutdown. The Dow Jones industrial average ended 0.8 percent lower.
The dollar, which had been down 0.4 percent against a basket of six major currencies, was down just .07 percent in late Monday trade as some traders saw hope for a last-minute deal.
"The government is such an important part of the entire economy, between the people it employs and the impact it has on consumer confidence," said Nicholas Colas, chief market strategist at the ConvergEx Group in New York. "The size of the selloff is logical given the stakes."
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