Tags: UN | UN | Libya | Membership

UN Votes to Establish New Mission in Libya

Friday, 16 Sep 2011 05:03 PM

 

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UNITED NATIONS — The U.N. Security Council has unanimously approved a new U.N. mission in Libya and the unfreezing of assets of two major oil companies.

A resolution approved by the council also lifts a ban on flights by Libyan aircraft and modifies the arms embargo on Moammar Gadhafi's regime.

The resolution was circulated on Tuesday. The council acted swiftly to approve it on Friday.

Under the resolution, the no-fly zone imposed in March after Gadhafi launched his crackdown on regime opponents would remain in place but be kept under review.

The U.N. General Assembly voted Friday to give Libya's seat in the world body to the former rebels' National Transitional Council which led the rebellion that ousted Moammar Gadhafi.

The vote means that a senior council official will be able to join world leaders and speak for Libya at next week's ministerial session of the General Assembly, and also participate in meetings.

The resolution was approved Friday by a vote of 114-17 with 15 abstentions, revealing divisions in Africa and Latin America over who should represent Libya.

Ahmed Omar Bani, a military spokesman for Libya's transitional government, said the U.N. decision proved that Gadhafi's regime was over.

He said the U.N. has recognized the National Transitional Council, known as the NTC, since it adopted a resolution March 17 authorizing military action to protect civilians and impose a no-fly zone over Libya and "now, they have confirmed that." The council acted to try to halt Gadhafi's advancing military and stop the Libyan strongman from carrying out a pledge to go after rebels in their stronghold of Benghazi.

"We are so proud because ... that means we are the right people who have the right to lead this country," Bani told The Associated Press.

"First, we would like to prove to the world that we are really a democratic country. Our culture is so far from the culture of Gadhafi and his loyalists," he said. "We spent more than 40 years in a dark tunnel, no colors and no voices except one voice, so now we would like to prove to the world that we are free people."

The General Assembly's credentials committee had unanimously recommended that the former rebels be seated. It's chairman, Panama's U.N. Ambassador Pablo Antonio Thalassinos, said Mustafa Abdul-Jalil, who heads the NTC, had sent a letter seeking to take over Libya's seat.

But the committee's recommendation faced opposition from a left-leaning Latin America trade group, ALBA, that includes Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba among others.

Venezuela's U.N. Ambassador Jorge Valero, speaking on behalf of the group, accused NATO forces of carrying out "criminal air raids ... in order to install a puppet government" and said seating the council "would represent an abominable precedent that would violate the most elementary principles of international law."

The Southern African Development Community regional bloc opposed giving the NTC credentials immediately, on the grounds that rebels did not yet constitute a government, but it failed to win support to defer the vote.

Egypt's U.N. Ambassador Maged Abdelaziz urged the General Assembly to seat the NTC, saying close to 90 U.N. member states have recognized the NTC as the only representative of the Libyan people, "a number that is rising every day."

As the immediate neighbor of Libya, he said, Egypt "is the best witness of the most horrifying times that the people of Libya have lived as a result of an oppressive regime that ruled Libya for more than 40 years."

While Gadhafi's government officially occupied Libya's U.N. seat until Friday, it has not had a representative in New York for months. That's because Libya's ambassador, deputy ambassador and diplomatic staff disavowed Gadhafi and became early supporters of the NTC. They have continued to staff Libya's U.N. Mission, but were unable to participate in any U.N. activities — until Friday's vote

___

Associated Press Writer Kim Gamel contributed to this report from Tripoli, Libya.

© Copyright 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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