U.S. stocks declined, sending the Dow Jones Industrial Average to the lowest level on a closing basis since January, as Greece struggled to form a new government amid growing speculation the nation may leave the euro region.
Citigroup Inc. and Bank of America Corp. fell at least 1.4 percent, following a slump in European lenders. ConocoPhillips and Dow Chemical Co. slid more than 1.2 percent to pace losses in commodity producers. Symantec Corp., the world’s biggest seller of security software, retreated 2.1 percent after Goldman Sachs Group Inc. cut its rating on the shares.
The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index slipped 1 percent to 1,340.10 at 10:38 a.m. New York time, the lowest level on a closing basis since Feb. 2. The Dow average fell 123.17 points, or 1 percent, to 12,697.43. Trading in S&P 500 companies was 4.2 percent above the 30-day average at this time of day.
“The fear factor is definitely higher,” said Madelynn Matlock, who helps oversee about $14.7 billion at Huntington Asset Advisors in Cincinnati. “The whole European political situation is really the focus at this point. Nobody really knows what’s going to happen next and the market hates uncertainty more than anything.”
Global stocks fell as Greece’s political deadlock went into a second week after President Karolos Papoulias failed to secure agreement on a unity government and avert new elections with the country heading toward a possible exit from the euro area. Greece’s biggest anti-bailout party defied overtures to join the government yesterday, deepening the impasse.
Concern about Europe’s crisis grew as the cost of insuring against a Spanish default jumped to an all-time high. Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party was defeated in Germany’s most populous state in an election that helped the Social Democrats tighten their grip on the country’s regional governments. The result may embolden the Social Democrats as they align with French President-elect Francois Hollande in an anti-austerity front.
“We certainly have a lot to worry about,” said John Manley, chief equity strategist for Wells Fargo Advantage Funds in New York. His firm oversees $207 billion. “The odds of Greece leaving the euro are higher. It’s an enormous game of chicken that they are playing with each other. To the degree it does represent the democratic process in Greece, it makes it more likely they default and the Europeans have to do something.”
American banks slumped as a measure of European lenders tumbled 3.5 percent. Citigroup retreated 2.4 percent to $28.64. Bank of America fell 1.4 percent to $7.45. JPMorgan Chase & Co., which plunged 9.3 percent on May 11, lost 2.2 percent to $36.15. Morgan Stanley slid 3.8 percent to $14.39.
Moody’s Investors Service will delay plans to downgrade more than 100 banks as it assesses the effect of JPMorgan’s trading losses and a greater possibility of a euro breakup, a Moody’s official said. Fitch Ratings lowered JPMorgan’s credit grade by one level to A+ from AA- on May 11, saying the $2 billion loss “raises questions regarding JPM’s risk appetite, risk management framework, practices and oversight.”
Residential Capital LLC, the unprofitable mortgage company whose parent Ally Financial Inc. is trying to repay a U.S. government bailout, filed for bankruptcy.
Energy and raw material producers sank as the S&P GSCI gauge of 24 commodities dropped 1.5 percent. ConocoPhillips declined 1.2 percent to $52.87. Dow Chemical retreated 1.4 percent to $31.69.
Symantec slid 2.1 percent to $15.12. Goldman Sachs cut its rating to sell from neutral, citing worsening margins and cash flows. The share-price estimate was lowered to $14 from $16.
Chesapeake Energy Corp. surged 9.3 percent to $16.18. The company reached a $3 billion loan agreement with a unit of Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and affiliates of Jefferies Group Inc. to help ease a cash shortfall that threatens to curtail its development of oil and natural-gas wells.
Avon Products Inc. rallied 4.1 percent to $21.01 as the company said it will respond within a week to Coty Inc., the perfume-maker that last week boosted its takeover offer for Avon to $10.7 billion. Avon and its board and advisers will consider Coty’s latest offer, the world’s largest door-to-door cosmetics seller said yesterday in a statement.
Yahoo! Inc. rose 2.2 percent to $15.53. Chief Executive Officer Scott Thompson is stepping down after failing to correct errors in his credentials and the company is revamping its board, handing a victory to activist investor Daniel Loeb, who had pushed for the overhaul. Ross Levinsohn, Yahoo’s head of global media, was named interim CEO, and director Fred Amoroso will become chairman.
Facebook Inc. plans to stop taking orders for its initial public offering tomorrow, two days ahead of schedule, according to a person with knowledge of the transaction.
Facebook will likely finish taking orders for the IPO after U.S. markets close May 15, said the person, who declined to be identified as the plans are private. The company is offering 337.4 million shares at $28 to $35 each. Spokesman Jonathan Thaw didn’t answer a call outside of regular business hours.
“They’re swamped with the orders that are in,” said Jon Merriman, chief executive officer at investment firm Merriman Holdings Inc. in San Francisco. “They just need time to determine the price. They can send the message -- the books are closing, send in your orders now.”
As individuals bail out of U.S. stocks at the fastest rate in three decades, professional speculators have cut bearish bets by the most since 2008. Money managers are net short 19,375 contracts on the S&P 500, down 82 percent from a four-year high in September even after the figure jumped from 3,584 last week, data compiled by Bloomberg and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission show.
Most Since 1984
U.S. equity mutual funds recorded $18 billion of outflows in April, the most since at least 1984, according to preliminary data from the Investment Company Institute.
Hedge funds and other institutions are speculating the index will extend its 23 percent rally since October after 69 percent of S&P 500 companies beat first-quarter earnings estimates and economists projected accelerating U.S. growth this year. Bears say last week’s addition to bets on declines show short sellers have completed almost all of the buying they are likely to do, depleting demand for equities.
“For the professional side, stocks look pretty compelling,” David Goerz, chief investment officer at Highmark Capital Management Inc., said in a telephone interview from San Francisco on May 9. His firm oversees about $17 billion. “Underlying economic strength is much more resilient than anybody expected it to be this year.”
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