Luxury goods manufacturers said a ruling Tuesday from the European Union's highest court will stop Google Inc. selling their brand names as advertising keywords to unauthorized sellers or counterfeiters.
French companies, led by LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SA, want to limit the sale of their trademarks on Google's automated Adwords system which links search results to ads. They fear that counterfeiters could buy a keyword such as "Louis Vuitton" and use it to sell fake bags.
The European Court of Justice ruled Tuesday that Google, the world's most used search engine, does not violate trademark law if counterfeiters buy brand names as ad keywords.
But it set a new test for Google's liability in such cases, saying national courts would have to decide whether the company knowingly accepts these ads.
Google would be in the clear if it can show that it moves swiftly to remove an ad once it is told that it is misusing a trademark.
It would also be free from liability if its automatic ad system is judged to be "merely technical, automatic and passive" and that the company is not aware of and cannot fully control the words that advertisers add into its system.
Google says its policies forbid advertising of counterfeit goods, describing them as "a bad user experience," and that it works with brand owners to identify and deal with counterfeiters.
In all European countries except Britain and Ireland, the company says it takes down and blocks ads and keywords that misuse a trademark if the brand owner complains. It does not block keywords in Britain and Ireland because it believes the law does not demand it.
Pierre Gode, LVMH's vice president, says the ruling could help stamp out the online sale of counterfeit branded goods. He wants Google to filter the sale of advertising keywords and prevent brand trademarks from being sold.
"There will be no more buyers of illicit trademarks without our authorization so there will be no sale," he said.
Google's senior legal counsel Harjinder S. Obhi said the case was not about the sales of fake items but brand owners' attempts to extend trademark law to cover keywords bought by online advertisers.
"This case is not about us arguing for a right to advertise counterfeit goods," he said. "Trademark rights are not absolute," he said. "Ultimately they want to be able to exercise greater control over the information available to users."
Google makes most of its revenue by selling advertising triggered by keywords. When someone searches for "vintage cars" or visits a partner site that mentions those words, advertising for a vintage car dealer may appear to the side. In some cases, a keyword that is a company's brand name can trigger an ad for a competitor or even counterfeiters.
Google has been repeatedly sued for trademark violations in courts around the world, and it generally prevails or settles cases without changing its practices. In the United States and most other countries, Google typically accepts trademarks used as those keyword triggers, but it places limits on what can appear in ads themselves.
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