CHICAGO (AP) — Failure by Congress to raise the U.S. debt limit "could plunge the world economy back into recession," President Barack Obama declared Friday, and he acknowledged that he must compromise on spending with Republicans who control the House to avoid such a crisis.
"I think he's absolutely right that it's not going to happen without some spending cuts," the president told The Associated Press in an interview in his hometown, agreeing with House Speaker John Boehner's assessment.
Obama urged swift action, saying he doesn't want the United States to get close to a deadline that would destabilize financial markets. He said he was confident Congress ultimately would raise the limit.
"We always have. We will do it again," said Obama, who voted against raising the debt limit as a freshman senator from Illinois.
The interview came a day after the Democratic president held the first major fundraising events of his re-election campaign, which was launched a week ago in a nation still reeling from high unemployment and struggling to recover from economic recession.
"I'm the person who is best prepared for us to finish the job so that we're on track to succeed in the 21st century," Obama said. That's the heart of his argument for voters to give him a second term over more than a half dozen Republicans seeking the White House.
As the 2012 campaign gets under way, it's being shaped by a deep disagreement over federal spending in Washington between Republicans who control the House and Democrats in power in the Senate and White House. Obama and Republicans compromised a week ago on a spending bill to avert a government shutdown, a preview of the debate that's certain to dominate the coming months on deficits and the ceiling on money the nation can borrow.
The president said that he doesn't expect either side to get everything it wants in negotiations and that he's pushing for "a smart compromise that's serious."
He warned of dire consequences if the debt ceiling is not raised before it hits its limit of $14.3 trillion; the administration says the latest Congress could possibly act is by early July. But Obama said some longer-term questions about where the government trims its operations will have to be left until after the 2012 presidential election.
Obama's remarks about the relationship between lifting the debt ceiling and the need for spending cuts was the clearest acknowledgement yet by the president or the White House that the two issues are intertwined. Republicans, particularly tea party-backed lawmakers in the House, have repeatedly said they would not vote to increase the debt cap without a significant step toward long-term deficit reduction — a point reiterated by Boehner on Thursday.
To win a second term, Obama must convince the recession-weary nation that he deserves more time to help the economy recover from a recession that began under George W. Bush.
"I think the economy is going to continue to improve, and I think I'm going to be able to make an effective case that given the extraordinary circumstances that I inherited when I came in — the worst recession since the Great Depression — that not only have I been able to yank this economy out of that hole and get it back on a track to growth but that we've been able to make changes in our economy," Obama said. He pointed to rewriting Wall Street regulations, overhauling the health care system, investing in clean energy and helping make college more affordable.
The 2012 presidential race is the first in which the tea party coalition, which rails against the growth of government, excessive spending and Obama's presidency, will play a major role.
Obama said his views differ from the tea party in terms of the proper role of the government in society, but he also said "anytime the American people are actively engaged in the political process, it's good."
On the subject of the nation's continuing war efforts, Obama refused to estimate how many troops he would pull out of Afghanistan this summer, saying he's waiting for a recommendation from Gen. David Petraeus, who is overseeing the mission.
"I'm confident that the withdrawal will be significant," he said. "People will say this is a real process of transition, this is not just a token gesture."
On Libya, Obama said he doesn't anticipate any stepped-up U.S. military role, even as he conceded that a stalemate exists on the ground. He credited the United States and NATO with averting a "wholesale slaughter" of civilians and said Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi is under increasing pressure to leave.
The president said Gadhafi is "getting squeezed in all different kinds of ways," running out of money and supplies.
On terrorism, Obama pledged during his first campaign that he would close the Guantanamo Bay prison camp for terror suspects, but it hasn't happened. He has been opposed by some in Congress, and he said he needs congressional help to close the prison.
He said he still believes terror suspects should be tried in civilian federal courts and wants the U.S. "not to elevate folks who are murderers and thugs into something special. Our criminal justice system is, and our trial system is capable of prosecuting terrorists."
Still, he conceded that he has been unable to overcome public fears about terrorism trials in the United States.
"It's my job to give people some assurance that we can handle this effectively, and obviously I haven't been able to make the case right now and without Congress' cooperation we can't do it," he said.
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