MOSCOW — President Vladimir Putin has eased restrictions on demonstrations in the Black Sea Winter Olympics venue of Sochi, his latest bid to burnish Russia's image ahead of the Games.
Campaign groups, calling for everything from gay rights to political reform, had complained that a ban on rallies imposed as part of a security crackdown violated the constitution.
Putin amended his security decree on Friday to let groups hold marches and gatherings in areas and along routes approved the security services.
"Gatherings, rallies, demonstrations, marches and pickets, which are not directly connected to the Olympic and Paralympic games, could be staged on Jan.7 - March 21 2014 . . . only after agreeing with . . . a local security body," the Kremlin said on Saturday.
The International Olympic Committee welcomed Putin's decision, the latest in a flurry of gestures apparently aimed at disarming critics of Russia's human rights record.
"It is in line with the assurances that President Putin gave us last year and part of the Russian authorities' plans to ensure free expression during the Games whilst delivering safe and secure Games," it said in an emailed comment to Reuters.
No one was immediately available to comment on the change from human rights organizations.
The restrictions were imposed in August amid security fears that were heightened this week when two suicide bomb attacks killed at least 34 people in the southern city of Volgograd.
No one claimed responsibility for the blasts, but they were a reminder of the continuing threat posed by militants who want to carve an Islamic state out of a swath of southern Russia that includes Sochi.
Putin ordered a further security clamp-down and started a personal inspection of the Olympic sites on Friday.
But there have also been signs he is trying to disarm Russia's critics ahead of the Olympics, last month freeing several of the country's best known prisoners: former oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky and two members of the female punk group Pussy Riot.
The authorities are hoping to use the Olympics to showcase how Russia has changed since the collapse of Soviet communism in 1991 and the Games' success or failure will form a big part of Putin's legacy.
He has closely identified himself with the $50 billion project, ever since flying in person to Guatemala in 2007 to persuade Olympic chiefs to award the event to Sochi.
Rights groups have criticized the treatment of migrant workers, particularly on Olympic sites, and called for boycott over a law banning the spread of "gay propaganda" among minors, saying it violates basic freedoms.
Tens of thousands of peoples took to the streets of Moscow before 2012 elections to protest against what they saw as corruption by the ruling elite.
A December opinion poll showed Putin's public approval rating fell to its lowest level in more than 13 years against the backdrop of high inflation and a weaker economy.
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