Gum disease is a term used to describe the growth of bacteria in the mouth. It can lead to the infection of the tissue that holds the teeth and ultimately to the loss of teeth. Neglected gums not only cause gum disease, but also significantly affect the metabolism and overall well being of a person. Proper preventive care and good oral hygiene are crucial to protect gums and prevent gum diseases.
There are two types of gum diseases: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the initial stage of bacterial attack, which causes swelling in the gum, whereas periodontitis is the advanced stage of the infection in which the bacteria attack the adjoining tissue and the underlying bone, and form cavities in them.
Some symptoms of gum disease include: swollen gums, loose teeth, bleeding gums, bad breath, receding gums, cavities, and toothache. These symptoms are found in both types of gum disease. If gum disease is left untreated, it may develop complications and lead to gum cancer.
Despite the fact that more than 30% of the population is genetically predisposed to developing gum diseases, the irregular flossing or brushing of teeth can cause gum diseases in any person.
Good preventive care can decrease the occurrence of these types of gum disease. Here are some preventive methods:
· Oral hygiene: Brushing teeth at least once a day and flossing them regularly is a must for maintaining oral hygiene. Brushing and flossing removes the plaque settled on the surface of teeth and among them. This prevents bacterial growth and controls gum disease symptoms. It is also an effective gum disease treatment for those suffering from either of the two types of gum diseases mentioned above.
· Professional teeth cleaning: This is helpful in preventing both types of gum diseases. During this proedure, hard plaque is removed from the teeth and adjoining gums, which helps improve gum health and relieve the symptoms of gum disease.
· Smoking: Tobacco increases the possibility of different types of gum disease. Excessive smoking can cause gum cancer. The most important advice from dentists to those showing gum disease symptoms or undergoing gum disease treatment is to quit smoking. Smoking cancels out the effects of a gum disease treatment.
· Clenching or grinding of teeth: Clenching must be avoided, as this puts unwanted pressure on the teeth and the gums, and it leads to gum tissue degeneration and different types of gum diseases.
· Rinsing mouth after eating food: Even if one does not brush teeth more than once a day, it is important to rinse the mouth in order to remove any food particles stuck in the gums; this prevents bacterial growth, and improves gum health.
· Vitamin-C-rich diet: Most importantly, a well-balanced diet rich in vitamin C and vitamin E is necessary to prevent different types of gum diseases. These vitamins help tissue regeneration, improve immunity, and protect gums.
© Newsmax. All rights reserved.