A preliminary test to diagnose retinoblastoma is a physical examination that checks for the appearance of a white spot in the center circle of the pupil when illuminated with direct light.
Such examinations of the eyes will reveal symptoms that help diagnose retinoblastoma, such as an unusual glint in the eyes of children and adults and disorientation of the eyeballs. These retinoblastoma symptoms include various forms of cross eyes and squinting in children and adults. Other symptoms that help diagnose retinoblastoma are eye redness and eye swelling.
After performing initial diagnostic physical examinations, diagnostic tools are employed to confirm retinoblastoma. The red reflex test, ophthalmoscope exam, and ultrasound are mid-tier diagnostic tools while MRI and a CT scan are imaging diagnostic tools that will help determine if retinoblastoma has affected areas surrounding the eyes only after the patient has been tested positive for the disease. Lumbar puncture is another diagnostic procedure that indicates how much the disease has spread out to other parts of the body.
For more information on retinoblastoma, see below
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