The first step in diagnosing retinoblastoma, a cancer of the eye’s retina most common in young children, is an eye exam. After collecting information about a child’s symptoms, a doctor will check for the appearance of a white spot in the center of the pupil when illuminated with direct light.
Signs of retinoblastoma that can be detected by an eye exam include an unusual glint in the eyes and disorientation of the eyeballs. Crossed eyes, squinting, eye redness, and swelling may also point to retinoblastoma.
After performing a diagnostic eye exam, other tools can be used to confirm or dismiss the presence of retinoblastoma. The red reflex test, an ophthalmoscope exam, ultrasound technology, MRIs, and CT scans can detect the disease and determine if any areas surrounding the eye have been damaged. A lumbar puncture, more commonly known as a spinal tap, is used to see if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
For more information on retinoblastoma, see below
Retinoblastoma: Top Symptoms
Retinoblastoma: How Your Diet Plays a Role
Retinoblastoma: Latest Medical Breakthroughs
Retinoblastoma: Top Natural Supplements for Treatment
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