A seizure, characterized by twitching, convulsions, and certain hand movements, usually occurs when an individual’s brain functions abnormally. Epilepsy is a seizure disorder in which patients tend to experience seizure episodes frequently. Epilepsy can be managed with appropriate treatment. While anyone may suffer from seizures they are more common in children than adults.
The most common causes of seizures in both children and adults are abnormal electrical discharges from the brain, triggering abnormal body movements. Epilepsy or any like seizure disorder could also result from malformation in the brain or blood vessels, brain chemical imbalance, trauma to the brain, infectious diseases, chromosome disorders, brain tumors, and strokes.
Before administering treatment for epilepsy, it is best to identify the causal factors. However, in more than half the cases of epilepsy the causes are not identifiable.
If someone is having a seizure:
• Put the child or adult experiencing a seizure into a comfortable position. It is best for the patient to lie down. Remove tight clothes and shoes.
• Do not put anything in the individual’s mouth to swallow or drink.
• Remove solid objects from around the patient so the patient does not injure himself.
• If the patient is not breathing normally, call for medical assistance immediately.
Prescription medication, like Topiramate, Sodium Divalproex, Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine, Gabapentin, and Phenytoin may be recommended by a doctor. Seizure medication needs to be taken in combination, for best results. It is important to note, seizure medication is different for children and adults.
Dietary and lifestyle changes are also important for managing seizures. If you experience seizures, monitor your condition through regular check-ups.
For more information on seizures, see below:
Epilepsy: Top 5 Symptoms
Epilepsy: How Your Diet Plays a Role
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