Schizoid personality disorder is a psychological disorder characterized by detachment from social relationships and interactions. The person affected by this disorder usually displays a persistent behavior of isolation, is depressed, unable to express anger, and seems unaffected by life’s events. Patients display very few emotions and seem to be involved in themselves. People with schizoid disorder do not show interest in sexual or interpersonal relations and have very few friends or acquaintances.
A personality disorder diagnosis of schizoid disorder, accompanied by suspicion or distrust over a prolonged period, leads to borderline personality disorders like schizophrenia. Schizoid disorder case studies indicate that other borderline personality disorders like schizotypal or schizoaffective disorders can coexist with schizoid disorder.
The most common treatment method for schizoid disorder is psychotherapy.
The top drugs used in schizoid personality disorder treatment are:
Risperidone (Risperdal®): This schizoid disorder medication belongs to the class of antipsychotics used specifically for patients who display excessive serotonin antagonism. This drug was approved by the FDA for the treatment of schizophrenia and associated borderline personality disorders. Schizoid disorder drugs like risperidone cause several side effects including high blood pressure, muscle pain, tremors, weight gain, constipation, and stuffy nose.
Olanzapine (Zyprexa® and Zyprexa Zydis®): This is an FDA-approved atypical antipsychotic medication for the treatment of borderline personality disorder. This medication for schizoid personality disorder treatment is available as oral and intramuscular formulations. This borderline personality disorder medication has been found to be effective in treating early psychosis, as confirmed by certain schizoid disorder case studies.
Bupropion (Wellbutrin®): This is among schizoid disorder drugs that act as antidepressants. Schizoid disorder case studies or similar borderline personality disorder case studies show that Wellbutrin is more suitable in schizoid personality disorder treatment when the first line of antidepressants such as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) fail or have reduced efficacy. Wellbutrin also has seizure prevention chemicals and certain ingredients that act as stimulants.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), and benzodiazepines are some other antidepressants used in schizoid personality disorder treatment, especially when depression or low mood is present. Although all these are effective antidepressants, the response to these schizoid disorder drugs varies among patients. It is important to take these drugs only under strict supervision and prescription by an expert physician.
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