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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Top 5 Symptoms

Thursday, 03 Mar 2011 02:19 PM

Polycystic ovary syndrome is an endocrine disorder in women where cysts develop in the ovaries that effect their normal functioning, including the ability to reproduce. The excess production of androgen hormone is considered the key cause of polycystic ovary syndrome.
Polycystic ovary syndrome occurs mostly in teenage girls and women between the ages of 14 and 45. Excess androgen causes the non-release of eggs from the ovary. These eggs develop into cysts; tiny sacs filled with fluid.
The top five signss of polycystic ovary syndrome are:

Infertility: When cysts are formed and eggs are not released, the woman is unable to conceive.
Menstruation: When the egg is very rarely released, women have less frequent menstruation or no menstruation at all.
Weight gain or obesity: In spite of controlled diet and regular activities.
Increased acne or cholesterol: Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause or worsen acne as toxins build up in the body.
Hirsutism: This is a condition where women grow extra hair on their chest, back, face, and abdomen.
Aconthosis nigricans: This is a condition where the skin around the neck, breasts, and armpits thickens and darkens.
The treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome includes certain lifestyle changes.
Reducing weight or maintaining an optimum weight reduces stress on the body and promotes normal functioning. Hormonal production is usually balanced by the body automatically. Subsequently, symptoms disappear. Staying at a healthy weight also reduces the chance of developing diabetes, cholesterol, and high blood pressure.
Another treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome is progesterone hormone therapy. This type of hormone therapy help reduce the effects of androgen and controls the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome.

There are antiandrogen pills that work against androgen in restoring the normal functioning of the body. Polycystic ovary syndrome treatment in some cases includes the administration of fertility drugs to stimulate the ovary to produce eggs. This helps balance hormone levels and may reduce some polycystic ovary syndrome symptoms.
Surgery called ovarian drilling is the next step for women who do not respond to fertility medications. A laparoscopy tool is used to drill into the ovary and destroy cysts. This procedure increases the chances of fertility in most cases, but may cause ovarian scarring.
Weight gain caused by polycystic ovary syndrome is a much discussed topic. Weight loss has been found to reduce the effects of PCOS. An effective diet for polycystic ovary syndrome includes foods that are low in carbohydrates, and rich in healthy fats, protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Foods like whole wheat, oats, barley, olive oil, nuts, fruits, vegetables, honey, fish, flax seed, eggs, and seeds are essential for naturally treating polycystic ovary syndrome.

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