Kleptomania is a disorder in which a person experiences an urge to steal things, even if they are trivial. This is an impulse control disorder. Studies show that about half a percent of the general population exhibits impulse control disorders.
Kleptomania, is commonly found in people with obsessive compulsive disorder or bulimia. People suffering from this disorder feel a sense of relief after stealing. The disorder can be treated using psychotherapy or medication. This article discusses some of the major drugs that work in treating this disorder.
Kleptomania drugs: There is no successful research suggesting a particular drug for treating kleptomania. Most kleptomania medications aim at treating the symptoms of anxiety or depression and relieving the pain associated with anxiety. Drugs that help treat seizures are also used when necessary. These medications are found to be successful in controlling kleptomania.
Combinations of medications are also used for the treatment of kleptomania, depending upon the symptoms, severity, and response to drugs.
Top drugs used in the treatment of kleptomania are as follows:
1.Depressants: These are medications that act as tranquilizers and reduce anxiety. They reduce the brain’s hyperactivity that creates an intense urge to steal. Some common depressants are Klonopin®, Xanax®, and Niravam®. These depressants are medically known as benzodiazepines. They have several side-effects and can be addictive. Therefore, it is very important to take these medications for kleptomania treatment only on prescription from a qualified medical practitioner.
2.Seizure preventing medications: These medications are used in the treatment of kleptomania when seizures are present. Some drugs used are Depakene®, Stavzor®, and Topamax®. They help soothe the nervous system and in kleptomania control.
3. Addiction prevention medications: These kleptomania medications contain chemicals that block the part of the brain that derives pleasure from certain types of compulsive or addictive behavior. These medications are used in kleptomania treatment to control addiction to stealing and the pleasure associated with successful stealing, which is one of the kleptomania symptoms.
4. Mood stabilizers: These medications are used when the patient exhibits definite mood swings or mood changes during, before, or after the stealing incident. These medications are meant to control the mood swings. Some medicines in this category are valproic acid, lamotrigine, oxcarbaxepine, and gabapentin.
5. Antidepressants: Antidepressants are given to people in whom depression is a major trigger for stealing. Medications in this category include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOIs), norepinephrine-dopamine dis-inhibitors (NDDIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). These are different types of chemicals that work with the brain chemicals in transmitting messages to neurons. These are found to reduce depression and create alertness and normal mood, and help control kleptomania.
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