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Hyperthyroidism: The Latest Medical Breakthroughs

Tuesday, 15 Feb 2011 04:08 PM

There are a number of treatment options for Hyperthyroidism. Some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism like palpitations and tremors can be easily controlled by these new treatment methods.

Hyperthyroidism causes an increase in thyroid hormones in the blood circulation which acts on the cardiac and nervous systems. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism can easily be improved within a few hours by the use of medications like beta-blockers. Although these drugs are not a cure for hyperthyroidism, they are very effective in reducing the side effects of the disease.
The treatments for hyperthyroidism include thyroid drugs. This hyperthyroidism treatment includes treatment with drugs like methimazole and propylthiouracil that suppress the ability of the thyroid gland to make excess hormones. Such drugs are highly effective in reducing the thyroid hormone in the blood flow.
Although these drugs are a useful hyperthyroidism treatment, they have many side effects like fever, rash, itching, and liver inflammation.
After diagnosis by a hyperthyroid test, patients are usually advised to take radioactive iodine treatment. The thyroid cells absorb as much iodine as possible. By giving them a limited amount of radioactive iodine, this hyperthyroidism treatment ensures that the excess thyroid hormones are either damaged or killed by it. The radiation in the iodine is very little and which reduces the chance of side effects of radiation.

One of the newest breakthroughs in hyperthyroid treatment is the use of Methimazole or Tapazole which inhibits the thyroid hormone by blocking the oxidation of iodine in the thyroid gland. It is highly effective as it does not affect the peripheral conversion of thyroid hormone. For patients that cannot take oral medications, using rectal suppositories or retention enemas is advised.
Another medical treatment for hyperthyroid includes beta-adrenergic receptor blockers which reduce the symptoms of thyrotoxicosis which may include tremor, tachycardia, as well as anxiety.

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