High blood pressure is considered hypertension in medical terminology. It is a condition where the blood pressure rises and remains above the normal value of 120/80 mm Hg.
Hypertension means high tension in the arteries, due to an increase in the pressure of the blood flowing through it. It is not apparent if a person is suffering from hypertension, as generally there is no indication of the condition. Moreover, there are no visible symptoms of hypertension.
If high blood pressure is left untreated, it can lead to damage of arteries and other vital organs of the body thereby causing stroke, kidney failure, eye problems, and so on.
After diagnosis by a healthcare professional, blood pressure can be easily controlled by certain changes in lifestyle, diet, and medication, if prescribed by a doctor.
Hypertension or high blood pressure can be a potentially dangerous condition as most people suffering from hypertension show no signs and symptoms of hypertension. The only way to know that a person suffers from hypertension is by getting their blood pressure checked.
The following are the common top five symptoms of hypertension:
2. Breathlessness or shortness of breath with or without activity
4. Chest pain or pressure
5. Loss of consciousness or faint
In addition to the above, people suffering from hypertension could also experience severe headache, loss of energy, fatigue, confusion, digestive upsets, trembling, vision problems, blood in urine, and irregular heartbeats. If a person suffers from any of these symptoms, they need to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Pulmonary hypertension is an increase in the blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. The symptoms of all types of pulmonary hypertension are similar, but the severity of the hypertension signs and symptoms usually get worse as the disease progresses.
Since pulmonary hypertension symptoms are similar to the symptoms of other diseases, it is difficult to diagnose pulmonary hypertension. In addition to any of the above mentioned symptoms of hypertension, people suffering from pulmonary hypertension may also suffer from a dry cough, and may suffer from swelling of the ankles, legs, and abdomen.
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