Blackheads are formed when the hair follicle is clogged with dead skin cells, oil, or dirt. These form a thick sebum and block the pores. These areas sometimes get infected with bacteria and cause pus or painful acne. These are technically called closed comedones. Blackheads can look ugly and can be painful. If left untreated, they can cause acne, pimples, or other skin infections. There are several methods to get rid of blackheads. They are:
1. Home remedies or natural treatment:
In order to get rid of blackheads, one should avoid using greasy creams or other cosmetics that add excess oil to the skin. Use cleansers for blackhead removal. Cleansers clean up the dead skin, dirt, and oil and help remove blackheads.
Exfoliating the skin at least once every week is the best blackhead treatment. One can use exfoliating lotion or facial scrubs for this purpose. Use moisturizers to prevent dry skin and peeling of the skin.
Give your face a steam bath and mildly tap the skin dry. The steam opens up the pores and dilutes the blackhead matter; this can be rubbed gently when most of the dead skin matter and sebum can be removed.
To remove blackheads, face rubs such as curd, oatmeal, and yogurt, cucumber juice, cornstarch with vinegar, or honey can be applied on the affected area or on the entire face. Rub gently in a circular motion for five to eight minutes and remove with a wet clean towel.
Get rid of blackheads by applying face masks such as fullers earth pack, calamine pack, sandalwood pack, grape pack, or clay mask at least once every week. These face masks absorb excess oil from the skin and clear away dead skin.
2. External treatment:
In order to get rid of blackheads, one can use a skin exfoliant. Exfoliants contain 1% or 2% BHA or salicylic acid. These penetrate the pore lining and remove blackheads by removing the sebum or clogged matter. Milder products for blackhead removal are alpha hydroxyl acids, AHA.
For severe cases, a dermatologist may recommend Retinoid, in prescriptions such as Avita, Retin-A, Renova, Tazorac, and Differin. Retinoid helps regulate the pore shape. This helps prevent oil or dirt accumulation and helps to clear blackheads.
Physicians may recommend other medications such as hormone blockers or low-dose birth control pills. These are to be used only under medical guidance in specific cases where the doctor determines that the blackhead breakout is hormone related.
3. Maintenance and preventive care:
In order to get rid of blackheads: avoid harsh methods that can damage the skin permanently. Do not squeeze or pick blackheads with nails or sharp objects, do not damage the skin, use moisturizers, treat any damage or rashes immediately, use blackhead tools, avoid excessive makeup or sleeping with makeup on, do not scrub skin too hard, avoid excessive sun exposure, and maintain proper hygiene.
To get rid of blackheads, keep yourself hydrated with plenty of water or fruit juices. This keeps the skin moist, prevents skin breakage, damage, and reduces the occurance of blackheads.
© Newsmax. All rights reserved.